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Comparison of Sensitivity Encoding (SENSE) and Compressed Sensing-SENSE for Contrast-Enhanced T1-Weighted Imaging in Patients With Crohn Disease Undergoing MR Enterography

 Jeongyun Kim  ;  Nieun Seo  ;  Heejin Bae  ;  Eun Ae Kang  ;  Eunju Kim  ;  Yong Eun Chung  ;  Joon-Seok Lim  ;  Myeong-Jin Kim 
 AMERICAN JOURNAL OF ROENTGENOLOGY, Vol.218(4) : 678-686, 2022-04 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adult ; Artifacts ; Contrast Media ; Crohn Disease* / diagnostic imaging ; Female ; Humans ; Imaging, Three-Dimensional / methods ; Inflammation ; Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Retrospective Studies ; Young Adult
Crohn disease ; MR enterography ; compressed sensing ; parallel imaging
BACKGROUND. Long acquisition times for breath-hold contrast-enhanced (CE) T1-weighted imaging in MR enterography (MRE) protocols result in reduced image quality. OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to compare CE T1-weighted imaging performed using sensitivity encoding (SENSE) and compressed sensing-SENSE (CS-SENSE) in terms of image quality and diagnostic performance for active inflammation in Crohn disease (CD). METHODS. This retrospective study included 41 patients (31 men, 10 women; mean age, 34 ± 12 [SD] years) who underwent MRE for known or suspected CD between June 2020 and September 2020. MRE was performed in one of two scanning rooms depending on scheduling availability. Per institutional protocol, in one room, the enteric phase was acquired using SENSE (acceleration factor, 3) and the portal phase was acquired using CS-SENSE (acceleration factor, 5); this order was reversed in the other room. Two radiologists independently assessed sequences for subjective image quality measures at the patient level and for active inflammation at the bowel-segment level. Mean image quality scores between readers were computed. Diagnostic performance for active inflammation was compared between SENSE and CS-SENSE using generalized estimating equations; a separate experienced radiologist reviewed the full MRE protocol to establish the reference standard. RESULTS. The mean acquisition time of CE T1-weighted imaging was 17.2 ± 1.1 seconds for SENSE versus 11.5 ± 0.8 seconds for CS-SENSE (p < .001). CS-SENSE scored significantly better than SENSE in overall image quality (4.2 ± 0.7 vs 3.7 ± 1.1; p = .02), motion artifacts (4.0 ± 0.8 vs 3.6 ± 1.2; p = .006), and aliasing artifacts (4.8 ± 0.4 vs 4.2 ± 0.6; p < .001). CS-SENSE scored significantly worse than SENSE in synthetic appearance (4.6 ± 0.5 vs 4.8 ± 0.4; p = .003). Contrast, sharpness, and blurring were not different between sequences (p > .05). For reader 1, CS-SENSE, compared with SENSE, showed a sensitivity of 86% versus 81% (p = .09), specificity of 88% versus 83% (p = .08), and accuracy of 87% versus 82% (p = .56). For reader 2, CS-SENSE, compared with SENSE, showed a sensitivity of 92% versus 79% (p = .006), specificity of 90% versus 98% (p = .16), and accuracy of 91% versus 86% (p = .002). CONCLUSION. Use of CS-SENSE for CE T1-weighted imaging in MRE protocols results in reduced scan times with reduced artifact and improved image quality. CLINICAL IMPACT. The benefits of CS-SENSE in MRE protocols may improve the diagnostic performance for active inflammation in CD.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Eun Ae(강은애)
Kim, Myeong Jin(김명진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7949-5402
Bae, Heejin(배희진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1227-8646
Seo, Nieun(서니은) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8745-6454
Lim, Joon Seok(임준석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0334-5042
Chung, Yong Eun(정용은) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0811-9578
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