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Longitudinal Effects of Serum Calcium and Phosphate Levels and Their Ratio on Incident Ischemic Heart Disease among Korean Adults

Authors
 Dong Hyuk Jung  ;  Byoungjin Park  ;  Yong Jae Lee 
Citation
 BIOMOLECULES, Vol.12(1) : 103, 2022-01 
Journal Title
BIOMOLECULES
Issue Date
2022-01
Keywords
calcium-to-phosphate ratio ; cohort study ; incident ischemic heart disease ; serum calcium ; serum phosphate
Abstract
Serum calcium and phosphate levels are controlled by a regulatory system, but their individual concentration tendencies and interactions may affect long-term vascular health. This study aimed to assess the effects of serum calcium and phosphate levels on incident ischemic heart disease (IHD) in a large-scale community-dwelling Korean cohort. We evaluated 15,259 non-diabetic individuals (median age, 45 years; range, 30-85) without previous IHD or ischemic stroke using the Korean National Health Insurance data. The study population was classified based on the calcium, phosphate, and calcium/phosphate ratios. Using Cox proportional hazards regression models, we estimated hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for IHD over 50 months after baseline enrolment. The age- and sex-adjusted incidence of IHD gradually increased with serum calcium and phosphate quartiles and decreased with calcium/phosphate ratio quartiles, with an overall crude rate of 2.1% (315/15,259). After setting the lowest calcium, phosphate, and calcium/phosphate ratio quartiles as a reference group, the HRs (95% CIs) of the highest calcium, phosphate, and calcium/phosphate ratio quartiles for IHD were 1.77 (1.15-2.72), 1.73 (1.18-2.55), and 0.58 (0.39-0.87), respectively, after adjusting for potential confounding variables. Serum calcium and phosphate levels were positively associated with IHD incidence, while the serum calcium/phosphate ratio exhibited an inverse relationship. Serum calcium and phosphate homeostasis may merit serious consideration to understand the pathogenesis of coronary atherosclerosis as a risk modifier for IHD.
Files in This Item:
T202200287.pdf Download
DOI
10.3390/biom12010103
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Family Medicine (가정의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Byoungjin(박병진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1733-5301
Lee, Yong Jae(이용제) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6697-476X
Jung, Dong Hyuk(정동혁) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3411-0676
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/187932
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