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Transarterial Radioembolization for Unresectable Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Real-Life Efficacy and Safety Analysis of Korean Patients

 Sun Young Yim  ;  Ho Soo Chun  ;  Jae Seung Lee  ;  Ji-Hwan Lim  ;  Tae Hyung Kim  ;  Beom Kyung Kim  ;  Seung Up Kim  ;  Jun Yong Park  ;  Sang Hoon Ahn  ;  Gyoung Min Kim  ;  Jong Yun Won  ;  Yeon Seok Seo  ;  Yun Hwan Kim  ;  Soon Ho Um  ;  Do Young Kim 
 CANCERS, Vol.14(2) : 385, 2022-01 
Journal Title
Issue Date
hepatocellular carcinoma ; overall survival ; progression-free survival ; risk factor ; transarterial chemoembolization
Transarterial radioembolization (TARE) has become widely used in the treatment of HCC, one of the most common causes of cancer mortality worldwide. Here we investigated the long-term clinical outcomes of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treated with TARE in a multi-medical center in Korea. A total of 149 patients treated with TARE from 2008-2014 were recruited. The pre-treatment HCC stage was classified according to the BCLC stage, of which C and D were defined as advanced HCC. Advanced HCC stage and Child-Turcotte-Pugh (CTP) score A were identified in 62 (42%) and 134 (90%) patients, respectively. Portal vein thrombosis (PVT) was identified in 58 patients (38.9%). The median time to progression (TTP) was 14 months, and the median overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were 18.6 and 8.9 months, respectively. The overall tumor response was 47%, and the disease control rate was 78%. OS and PFS differed significantly according to the presence of liver cirrhosis, extrahepatic metastasis, tumor response and curative treatment after TARE (all, p < 0.05). Multiple tumors and major PVT were other independent factors related to OS, while the des-gamma carboxy protein level predicted PFS (all, p < 0.05). Tumor size was an independent predictor of tumor response. TTP, OS and PFS all differed among BCLC stages. The serious adverse effect after TARE was clinically not significant. Therefore, TARE is safe and effective in treating early to advanced HCCs.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Gyoung Min(김경민) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6768-4396
Kim, Do Young(김도영)
Kim, Beom Kyung(김범경) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5363-2496
Kim, Seung Up(김승업) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9658-8050
Park, Jun Yong(박준용) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6324-2224
Ahn, Sang Hoon(안상훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3629-4624
Won, Jong Yun(원종윤) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8237-5628
Lee, Jae Seung(이재승) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2371-0967
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