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Dental students' perceptions on a simulated practice using patient-based customised typodonts during the transition from preclinical to clinical education

Authors
 Bora Lee  ;  Jong-Eun Kim  ;  Seung-Ho Shin  ;  Jang-Hyun Kim  ;  Ji-Man Park  ;  Ki-Yeol Kim  ;  Soo-Yoon Kim  ;  June-Sung Shim 
Citation
 EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF DENTAL EDUCATION, Vol.26(1) : 55-65, 2022-02 
Journal Title
EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF DENTAL EDUCATION
ISSN
 1396-5883 
Issue Date
2022-02
MeSH
Crowns ; Education, Dental* ; Humans ; Manikins ; Students, Dental* ; Tooth Preparation
Keywords
3D printing ; dental education ; digital technology ; simulation
Abstract
Purpose/objectives: Dental students experience difficulties during the transition from preclinical to clinical curriculum. In order to help the students to adapt to the clinical education programme, a simulated practice using patient-based customised models was introduced in this study to prepare for their first clinical practice.

Methods: This study included 45 third-year predoctoral students (D3 students) who were about to perform the preparation of a single crown abutment on their first patient. After practicing abutment preparation using simulated models and providing the actual treatment to their own patient, the students were surveyed to investigate their perceptions on the simulated practice using the 3D-printed customised typodont model. The statistical analysis of the quantitative data and the thematic analysis of the qualitative data were conducted.

Results: Regarding this simulation, more than 80% of the students gave positive feedback on their practice of (a) operative positions and postures, (b) finger rest, (c) occlusal reduction, (d) axial reduction and (e) proximal reduction. Student responses on the open-ended questions about how they perceived the usefulness of this simulation were categorised as "First clinical case," "Patient-based model" and "Realistic simulation environment." In addition, a number of improvements of the simulation were also suggested by the students including the typodont and the manikin.

Conclusions: This study gives insights into the significance of simulated practice using patient-based customised typodonts as a transitional education tool and its direction of development in the field of restorative treatments accompanied by irreversible tooth preparations.
Full Text
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/eje.12672
DOI
10.1111/eje.12672
Appears in Collections:
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Prosthodontics (보철과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Others (기타) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Ki Yeol(김기열) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5357-1067
Kim, Soo-Yoon(김수연)
Kim, Jong Eun(김종은) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7834-2524
Park, Ji-Man(박지만) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0018-1166
Shim, June Sung(심준성) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1428-0122
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/187916
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