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Family resilience factors affecting family adaptation of children with cancer: A cross-sectional study

Authors
 Mina Park  ;  Eun Kyoung Choi  ;  Chuhl Joo Lyu  ;  Jung Woo Han  ;  Seung Min Hahn 
Citation
 EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ONCOLOGY NURSING, Vol.56 : 102078, 2022-02 
Journal Title
EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ONCOLOGY NURSING
ISSN
 1462-3889 
Issue Date
2022-02
MeSH
Adaptation, Psychological ; Child ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Family ; Family Health ; Humans ; Neoplasms* ; Parents ; Protective Factors ; Resilience, Psychological*
Keywords
Childhood cancer ; Family adaptation ; Family resilience ; Protective factors ; Risk factors
Abstract
Purpose: Pediatric cancer impacts all family members, including parents and siblings, who strive to adjust to a multitude of changes brought about by the illness. Family resilience is an important factor in the successful adaptation of families of children with cancer. Therefore, we aimed to identify risk and protective factors for family resilience at the child, family, and community levels that affect the adaptation of families of children with cancer.

Method: This study employed a descriptive survey design, and data were collected from 111 parents of children undergoing treatment for cancer between April and May 2020 at a university hospital in South Korea. Based on Patterson's family resilience model, risk factors-severity of child's condition, parental depression, and stigma and discrimination-and protective factors-the child's temperament, family communication skills, and supportive health services-for family adaptation were analyzed using multiple regression analyses.

Results: Among family resilience factors affecting the adaptation of families of children with cancer, parental depression (ß = -0.290, p = 0.004) and family communication skills (ß = 0.403, p < 0.001) were identified as risk and protective factors, respectively. These variables accounted for 29.3% of the variance in family adaptation (F = 7.503, p < 0.001).

Conclusions: There is a need to develop strategies such as intervention programs that focus on reducing parental depression and strengthening family communication skills to promote the adaptation of families to pediatric cancer.
Full Text
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1462388921001861
DOI
10.1016/j.ejon.2021.102078
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pediatrics (소아과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
3. College of Nursing (간호대학) > Dept. of Nursing (간호학과) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Lyu, Chuhl Joo(유철주) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7124-7818
Choi, Eun Kyoung(최은경) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4622-2437
Hahn, Seung Min(한승민) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9832-6380
Han, Jung Woo(한정우) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8936-1205
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/187845
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