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Incidence and Surgery Rate of Idiopathic Scoliosis: A Nationwide Database Study

Authors
 Sahyun Sung  ;  Hyun-Wook Chae  ;  Hye Sun Lee  ;  Sinae Kim  ;  Ji-Won Kwon  ;  Soo-Bin Lee  ;  Seong-Hwan Moon  ;  Hwan-Mo Lee  ;  Byung Ho Lee 
Citation
 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, Vol.18(15) : 8152, 2021-08 
Journal Title
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH
ISSN
 1661-7827 
Issue Date
2021-08
MeSH
Adolescent ; Child ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Databases, Factual ; Female ; Humans ; Incidence ; Male ; Retrospective Studies ; Scoliosis* / epidemiology ; Scoliosis* / surgery ; Spine
Keywords
Idiopathic scoliosis ; incidence ; medical utilization patterns ; nationwide database ; surgical treatment
Abstract
Idiopathic scoliosis is the most common cause of three-dimensional deformities of the spine. Most of the previous studies have been cross-sectional studies to estimate the prevalence in the general population. An age-matched, population-based study is performed using nationwide databases between 2011 and 2015. The incidence rates of idiopathic scoliosis by age group, sex, and region are identified. We also investigate the pattern of medical institution use and the surgery rate of patients with idiopathic scoliosis. Our results show that a total of 268,372 patients were diagnosed with idiopathic scoliosis. The overall incidence was 0.497%, and the incidence for females was 1.44 times higher than for males. By age group, the incidence of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis in patients aged 10-14 years was 0.821% compared to 0.029%, 0.192%, and 0.709% for those patients aged 0-2, 3-9, and 15-19 years, respectively. Both male and female urban populations had higher incidences than rural populations with no age differences at diagnosis. Survival analysis confirmed that 0.7% of diagnosed patients underwent surgical treatment within five years. Understanding the epidemiology of idiopathic scoliosis is helpful in diagnosing high risk patients and monitoring surgical interventions.
Files in This Item:
T202124669.pdf Download
DOI
10.3390/ijerph18158152
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Orthopedic Surgery (정형외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pediatrics (소아과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Yonsei Biomedical Research Center (연세의생명연구원) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kwon, Ji-Won(권지원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4880-5310
Moon, Seong Hwan(문성환)
Lee, Byung Ho(이병호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7235-4981
Lee, Hye Sun(이혜선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6328-6948
Lee, Hwan Mo(이환모) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5405-3832
Chae, Hyun Wook(채현욱) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5016-8539
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/187506
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