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Positive association between the ratio of triglycerides to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and diabetes incidence in Korean adults

 Joungyoun Kim  ;  Sang-Jun Shin  ;  Ye-Seul Kim  ;  Hee-Taik Kang 
 CARDIOVASCULAR DIABETOLOGY, Vol.20(1) : 183, 2021-09 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Cardiometabolic risk factors ; Cholesterol ; Diabetes mellitus ; Insulin resistance ; Lipoproteins, HDL ; Metabolic syndrome ; Triglycerides
Background: Insulin resistance is associated with the incidence of diabetes and cardiovascular diseases such as myocardial infarction. The ratio of triglycerides (TG) to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) (TG/HDL-C ratio) is positively correlated with insulin resistance. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the TG/HDL-C ratio and the incidence of diabetes in Korean adults.

Methods: This retrospective study used data from the National Health Insurance Service-National Health Screening Cohort. The TG/HDL-C ratio was divided into three tertiles, the T1, T2, and T3 groups, based on sex. We estimated the hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for diabetes using multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analyses.

Results: A total of 80,693 subjects aged between 40 and 79 years were enrolled. The median follow-up period was 5.9 years. The estimated cumulative incidence of diabetes in the T1, T2, and T3 groups was 5.94%, 8.23%, and 13.50%, respectively, in men and 4.12%, 4.72%, and 6.85%, respectively, in women. Compared to T1, the fully adjusted HRs (95% CIs) of the T2 and T3 groups for new-onset diabetes were 1.17 (1.06-1.30) and 1.47 (1.34-1.62), respectively, in men and 1.20 (1.02-1.42) and 1.52 (1.30-1.78), respectively, in women.

Conclusions: Increased TG/HDL-C ratio was significantly associated with a higher risk of new-onset diabetes in both sexes.
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3. College of Nursing (간호대학) > Dept. of Nursing (간호학과) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Joungyoun Kim(김정연)
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