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Association between depression and the risk of Alzheimer's disease using the Korean National Health Insurance Service-Elderly Cohort

 Hyunkyu Kim  ;  Wonjeong Jeong  ;  Junhyun Kwon  ;  Youseok Kim  ;  Eun-Cheol Park  ;  Sung-In Jang 
 SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, Vol.11(1) : 22591, 2021-11 
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In this cohort study, we assessed the association between depression and the risk of Alzheimer's disease from data obtained from the 2002 to 2013 Korean National Health Insurance Service-Elderly Cohort Database, which accounts for 10% of the South Korean population aged > 60 years. A total 518,466 patients were included in the analysis and followed up, unless they were excluded due to death or migration. Patients who sought treatment for depression or dementia within 1 year of the washout period and who were diagnosed with dementia within the 1-year period of the diagnosis of depression were excluded from the study. The risk of dementia was analysed using Cox proportional hazards models. Patients with a history of depression during the follow-up period were at a higher risk of Alzheimer's disease than those without a history of depression (HR 3.35, CI 3.27-3.42). The severe-depression group exhibited the highest risk of Alzheimer's disease (HR 4.41, CI 4.04-4.81), while the mild-depression group exhibited a relatively lower risk of Alzheimer's disease (HR 3.31, CI 3.16-3.47). The risk of Alzheimer's disease was associated with depression history and an increased severity of depression increased the risk of Alzheimer's disease.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
4. Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, You Seok(김유석)
Park, Eun-Cheol(박은철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2306-5398
Jang, Sung In(장성인) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0760-2878
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