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Discrepancies in Educational Needs for Transition in Adolescents and Young Adults with Spina Bifida in South Korea: Use of the Borich Needs Assessment Model

Authors
 Eun Kyoung Choi  ;  Eunjeong Bae  ;  Yoonhye Ji  ;  Eunyoung Jung  ;  Seung Hyeon Yang 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC NURSING-NURSING CARE OF CHILDREN & FAMILIES, Vol.61 : 318-324, 2021-11 
Journal Title
JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC NURSING-NURSING CARE OF CHILDREN & FAMILIES
ISSN
 0882-5963 
Issue Date
2021-11
Keywords
Adolescent ; Needs assessment ; Spinal dysraphism ; Transitions ; Young adults
Abstract
Purpose: Transition is an important goal for ensuring that adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with spina bifida (SB) lead autonomous lives. This study aimed to identify the educational needs of AYAs with SB based on the discrepancies between perceived importance and proficiency levels during the transition process.

Design and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted through face-to-face and online surveys from Jan-Dec 2020 of AYAs aged 13-25 years who had previously been diagnosed with SB. The survey consisted of 37 transition-related questions, of which 11 pertained to healthcare environments and 26 pertained to transition education needs SPSS and Excel were used for statistical analysis. Transition educational needs were analyzed by the Borich Needs Assessment Model. Higher the mean weighted discrepancy scores, lower the proficiency as compared to the perceived importance, indicating that the educational needs were high.

Results: Overall, 108 responses were analyzed, and 56 (51.9%) AYAs were diagnosed with lipomyelomeningocele. The highest ranked educational needs were for "Health insurance system", "SB related urinary system diseases management", "SB related nervous system symptoms", and "Self-catheterization management". "The demands for 'SB related work life", "Urinary incontinence management", and "Constipation management" were significantly higher in young adults than adolescents.

Conclusions: During the transition process, activities perceived as important by AYAs with SB may differ from the activities that they can actually perform proficiently. It is important to assess their needs based on these discrepancies.

Practice implications: Transition education programs are needed that consider the individual educational needs and developmental stage-specific characteristics of AYAs with SB.
Full Text
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0882596321002517
DOI
10.1016/j.pedn.2021.08.018
Appears in Collections:
3. College of Nursing (간호대학) > Dept. of Nursing (간호학과) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Choi, Eun Kyoung(최은경) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4622-2437
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/186785
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