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YAP inactivation in estrogen receptor alpha-positive hepatocellular carcinoma with less aggressive behavior

 Youngsic Jeon  ;  Jeong Eun Yoo  ;  Hyungjin Rhee  ;  Young-Joo Kim  ;  Gwang Il Kim  ;  Taek Chung  ;  Sarah Yoon  ;  Boram Shin  ;  Hyun Goo Woo  ;  Young Nyun Park 
 EXPERIMENTAL AND MOLECULAR MEDICINE, Vol.53(6) : 1055-1067, 2021-06 
Journal Title
Issue Date
The expression of estrogen receptor alpha (ERα, encoded by ESR1) has been shown to be associated with the prognostic outcomes of patients in various cancers; however, its prognostic and mechanistic significance in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remain unclear. Here, we evaluated the expression of ERα and its association with clinicopathological features in 339 HCC patients. ERα was expressed in 9.4% (32/339) of HCCs and was related to better overall survival (OS; hazard ratio [HR] = 0.11, p = 0.009, 95% C.I. = 0.016-0.82) and disease-free survival (DFS, HR = 0.4, p = 0.013, 95% C.I. = 0.18-0.85). ERα expression was also associated with features related to more favorable prognosis, such as older age, lower serum alpha-fetoprotein level, and less microvascular invasion (p < 0.05). In addition, to obtain mechanistic insights into the role of ERα in HCC progression, we performed integrative transcriptome data analyses, which revealed that yes-associated protein (YAP) pathway was significantly suppressed in ESR1-expressing HCCs. By performing cell culture experiments, we validated that ERα expression enhanced YAP phosphorylation, attenuating its nuclear translocation, which in turn suppressed the downstream signaling pathways and cancer cell growth. In conclusion, we suggest that ERα expression is an indicator of more favorable prognosis in HCC and that this effect is mediated by inactivation of YAP signaling. Our results provide new clinical and pathobiological insights into ERα and YAP signaling in HCC.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pathology (병리학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Young Nyun(박영년) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0357-7967
Yoo, Jeong Eun(유정은) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9990-279X
Rhee, Hyungjin(이형진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7759-4458
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