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Association Between the Risk for Cardiovascular Events and Antiviral Treatment for Herpes Zoster

 Jinkwon Kim  ;  Jimin Jeon  ;  Hye Sun Lee  ;  Kyung-Yul Lee 
 CLINICAL INFECTIOUS DISEASES, Vol.73(5) : 758-764, 2021-09 
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antiviral ; cardiovascular ; herpes zoster ; statin ; varicella
Background: Cardiovascular risk increases following herpes zoster. We investigated whether treatment with antiviral agents, steroids, and common cardiovascular medications was associated with the risk of postherpetic cardiovascular events. Methods: This was a nationwide population-based, retrospective, cohort study using the National Health Insurance Service health claims data in Korea. We included patients with a first-ever diagnosis of herpes zoster in 2003-2014 and no prior cardiovascular event. The primary outcome was the occurrence of composites of myocardial infarction (International Statistical Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, code I21) and stroke (codes I60-I63) since the herpes zoster. We analyzed the exposure (intravenous or oral administration) to antiviral agents, steroids, antithrombotics, and statins within ±7 days from the index date of herpes zoster diagnosis. Follow-up was performed until occurrence of the primary outcome, death, or 31 December 2015, whichever came first. Results: Of 84 993 patients with herpes zoster, the proportions of patients who received the treatment with antiviral agents, steroids, antithrombotics, and statins were 90.5%, 48.0%, 9.1%, and 7.9%, respectively. During the mean (standard deviation) follow-up period of 5.4 (3.1) years, 1523 patients experienced the primary outcome. Multivariate Cox regression analysis demonstrated that treatment with antiviral agents (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.82; 95% confidence interval, .71-.95) and statins (0.71; .59-.85) were significantly associated with the lower risk of primary outcome. Use of antithrombotics and steroids were not associated with the risk. Conclusions: After herpes zoster, treatment with antiviral agents was significantly associated with lower risk of cardiovascular events. We need more information on the cardiovascular protective role of herpes zoster treatments.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Neurology (신경과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Yonsei Biomedical Research Center (연세의생명연구원) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Jinkwon(김진권) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0156-9736
Lee, Kyung Yul(이경열) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5585-7739
Lee, Hye Sun(이혜선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6328-6948
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