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Serial T1 mapping of right ventricle in pulmonary hypertension: comparison with histology in an animal study

Authors
 Pan Ki Kim  ;  Yoo Jin Hong  ;  Hyo Sub Shim  ;  Dong Jin Im  ;  Young Joo Suh  ;  Kye Ho Lee  ;  Jin Hur  ;  Young Jin Kim  ;  Byoung Wook Choi  ;  Hye-Jeong Lee 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE, Vol.23(1) : 64, 2021-05 
Journal Title
JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE
ISSN
 1097-6647 
Issue Date
2021-05
Keywords
Extracellular volume fraction ; Myocardial fibrosis ; Pulmonary hypertension ; Right ventricular remodeling ; T1 mapping technique
Abstract
Background: Right ventricular (RV) free wall fibrosis is an important component of adverse remodeling with RV dysfunction in pulmonary hypertension (PH). However, no previous reports have compared cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) findings and histological analysis for RV free wall fibrosis in PH. We aimed to assess the feasibility of CMR T1 mapping with extracellular volume fraction (ECV) for evaluating the progression of RV free wall fibrosis in PH, and compared imaging findings to histological collagen density through an animal study.

Methods: Among 42 6-week-old Wistar male rats, 30 were classified according to disease duration (baseline before monocrotaline injection, and 2, 4, 6 and 8 weeks after injection) and 12 were used to control for aging (4 and 8 weeks after the baseline). We obtained pre and post-contrast T1 maps for native T1 and ECV of RV and left ventricular (LV) free wall for six animals in each disease-duration group. Collagen density of RV free wall was calculated with Masson's trichrome staining. The Kruskall-Wallis test was performed to compare the groups. Native T1 and ECV to collagen density were analyzed with Spearman's correlation.

Results: The mean values of native T1, ECV and collagen density of the RV free wall at baseline were 1541 ± 33 ms, 17.2 ± 1.3%, and 4.7 ± 0.5%, respectively. The values of RV free wall did not differ according to aging (P = 0.244, 0.504 and 0.331, respectively). However, the values significantly increased according to disease duration (P < 0.001 for all). Significant correlations were observed between native T1 and collagen density (r = 0.770, P < 0.001), and between ECV and collagen density for the RV free wall (r = 0.815, P < 0.001) in PH. However, there was no significant difference in native T1 and ECV values for the LV free wall according to the disease duration from the baseline (P = 0.349 and 0.240, respectively).

Conclusions: We observed significantly increased values for native T1 and ECV of the RV free wall without significant increase of the LV free wall according to the disease duration of PH, and findings were well correlated with histological collagen density.
Files in This Item:
T202102262.pdf Download
DOI
10.1186/s12968-021-00755-y
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pathology (병리학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Young Jin(김영진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6235-6550
Kim, Pan Ki(김판기)
Suh, Young Joo(서영주) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2078-5832
Shim, Hyo Sup(심효섭) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5718-3624
Lee, Kye Ho(이계호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5568-1833
Lee, Hye Jeong(이혜정) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4349-9174
Im, Dong Jin(임동진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8139-5646
Choi, Byoung Wook(최병욱) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8873-5444
Hur, Jin(허진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8651-6571
Hong, Yoo Jin(홍유진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7276-0944
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/184118
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