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Structural connectivity networks in Alzheimer's disease and Lewy body disease

 Kyoungwon Baik  ;  Jin-Ju Yang  ;  Jin Ho Jung  ;  Yang Hyun Lee  ;  Seok Jong Chung  ;  Han Soo Yoo  ;  Young H Sohn  ;  Phil Hyu Lee  ;  Jong-Min Lee  ;  Byoung Seok Ye 
 BRAIN AND BEHAVIOR, Vol.11(5) : e02112, 2021-05 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Alzheimer Disease* / diagnostic imaging ; Brain / diagnostic imaging ; Cognitive Dysfunction* / diagnostic imaging ; Cognitive Dysfunction* / etiology ; Humans ; Lewy Body Disease* / diagnostic imaging ; White Matter* / diagnostic imaging
alzheimer's disease ; graph analysis ; lewy body disease ; structural connectivity
Objective: We evaluated disruption of the white matter (WM) network related with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Lewy body disease (LBD), which includes Parkinson's disease and dementia with Lewy bodies.

Methods: We consecutively recruited 37 controls and 77 patients with AD-related cognitive impairment (ADCI) and/or LBD-related cognitive impairment (LBCI). Diagnoses of ADCI and LBCI were supported by amyloid PET and dopamine transporter PET, respectively. There were 22 patients with ADCI, 19 patients with LBCI, and 36 patients with mixed ADCI/LBCI. We investigated the relationship between ADCI, LBCI, graph theory-based network measures on diffusion tensor images, and cognitive dysfunction using general linear models after controlling for age, sex, education, deep WM hyperintensities (WMH), periventricular WMH, and intracranial volume.

Results: LBCI, especially mixed with ADCI, was associated with increased normalized path length and decreased normalized global efficiency. LBCI was related to the decreased nodal degree of left caudate, which was further associated with broad cognitive dysfunction. Decreased left caudate nodal degree was associated with decreased fractional anisotropy (FA) in the brain regions vulnerable to LBD. Compared with the control group, the LBCI group had an increased betweenness centrality in the occipital nodes, which was associated with decreased FA in the WM adjacent to the striatum and visuospatial dysfunction.

Conclusion: Concomitant ADCI and LBCI are associated with the accentuation of LBCI-related WM network disruption centered in the left caudate nucleus. The increase of occipital betweenness centrality could be a characteristic biologic change associated with visuospatial dysfunction in LBCI.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Neurology (신경과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Baik, Kyoungwon(백경원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7215-375X
Sohn, Young Ho(손영호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6533-2610
Ye, Byoung Seok(예병석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0187-8440
Yoo, Han Soo(유한수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7846-6271
Lee, Yang Hyun(이양현)
Lee, Phil Hyu(이필휴) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9931-8462
Chung, Seok Jong(정석종) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6086-3199
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