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3'-Sialyllactose Protects SW1353 Chondrocytic Cells From Interleukin-1β-Induced Oxidative Stress and Inflammation

 Ahreum Baek  ;  So Hee Jung  ;  Soonil Pyo  ;  Soo Yeon Kim  ;  Seongmoon Jo  ;  Lila Kim  ;  Eun Young Lee  ;  Sung Hoon Kim  ;  Sung-Rae Cho 
 FRONTIERS IN PHARMACOLOGY, Vol.12 : 609817, 2021-04 
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3′-sialyllactose ; apoptosis ; inflammation ; matrix metalloproteinases ; osteoarthritis ; oxidative stress
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a major degenerative joint disease. Oxidative stress and inflammation play key roles in the pathogenesis of OA. 3'-Sialyllactose (3'-SL) is derived from human milk and is known to regulate a variety of biological functions related to immune homeostasis. This study aimed to investigate the therapeutic mechanisms of 3'-SL in interleukin-1β (IL-1β)-treated SW1353 chondrocytic cells. 3'-SL potently suppressed IL-1β-induced oxidative stress by increasing the levels of enzymatic antioxidants. 3'-SL significantly reversed the IL-1β mediated expression levels of reactive oxygen species in IL-1β-stimulated chondrocytic cells. In addition, 3'-SL could reverse the increased levels of inflammatory markers such as nitrite, prostaglandin E2, inducible nitric oxide synthase, cyclooxygenase-2, IL-1β, and IL-6 in IL-1β-stimulated chondrocytic cells. Moreover, 3'-SL significantly inhibited the apoptotic process, as indicated by the downregulation of the pro-apoptotic protein Bax, upregulation of the anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 expression, and significant reduction in the number of TUNEL-positive cells in the IL-1β-treated chondrocytic cells. Furthermore, 3'-SL reversed cartilage destruction by decreasing the release of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP), such as MMP1, MMP3, and MMP13. In contrast, 3'-SL significantly increased the expression levels of matrix synthesis proteins, such as collagen II and aggrecan, in IL-1β-treated chondrocytic cells. 3'-SL dramatically suppressed the activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) and phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (AKT)/nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB) signaling pathways, which are related to the pathogenesis of OA. Taken together, our data suggest that 3'-SL alleviates IL-1β-induced OA pathogenesis via inhibition of activated MAPK and PI3K/AKT/NF-κB signaling cascades with the downregulation of oxidative stress and inflammation. Therefore, 3'-SL has the potential to be used as a natural compound for OA therapy owing to its ability to activate the antioxidant defense system and suppress inflammatory responses.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Rehabilitation Medicine (재활의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Cho, Sung-Rae(조성래) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1429-2684
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