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Analysis of the positional relationship of the long thoracic nerve considering clinical treatment

 Jehoon O  ;  Hyun-Jin Kwon  ;  Tae-Hyeon Cho  ;  Sung-Yoon Won  ;  Hun-Mu Yang 
 CLINICAL ANATOMY, Vol.34(4) : 617-623, 2021-05 
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injection point ; long thoracic nerve ; midaxillary line ; serratus anterior ; serratus anterior plane block ; thoracotomy
Introduction: The long thoracic nerve (LTN) has a risk of being damaged during chest surgery and should be considered when performing anesthesia such as a serratus anterior plane block (SAPB). We analyzed the relationship between landmarks-the fourth to ninth intercostal space (ICS) at the midaxillary line (MAL), through which the distal part of the LTN passes-and the LTN. Materials and methods: We used 25 specimens from 17 embalmed Korean cadavers. The MAL, level of rib and ICS, and regions 5 cm anteroposterior to the MAL (aMAL/pMAL) were established to measure the position of the LTN crossing the MAL, pathway of the LTN, and entering points of the LTN to the SA. Results: The LTN crossed the MAL in 76% of the specimens. The LTN crossed the MAL within the fifth to sixth rib level in 70.8%. Seventy-six percent of the branches entered the SA within the fourth to sixth ICS. The fifth rib and ICS were the most frequent regions aMAL; however, several branches were found pMAL. The LTN entered the SA in 92.6% of the specimens within 3 cm anterior and 1 cm posterior to the MAL. Conclusions: We set the danger zone as 4 cm near the MAL at the fourth to sixth ICS for thoracotomy. In addition, we proposed the fifth ICS in aMAL at the superficial plane as the alternative injection point for SAPB when blocking the LTN, and the fifth ICS in pMAL at the deep plane to prevent blocking the LTN.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Anatomy (해부학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Yang, Hun Mu(양헌무) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1954-0114
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