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Quantification of Bacteria in Mouth-Rinsing Solution for the Diagnosis of Periodontal Disease

Authors
 Jeong-Hwa Kim  ;  Jae-Woon Oh  ;  Young Lee  ;  Jeong-Ho Yun  ;  Seong-Ho Choi  ;  Dong-Woon Lee 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE, Vol.10(4) : 891, 2021-02 
Journal Title
 JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE 
Issue Date
2021-02
Keywords
bacteria ; periodontitis ; polymerase chain reaction
Abstract
This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of diagnosing periodontitis via the identification of 18 bacterial species in mouth-rinse samples. Patients (n = 110) who underwent dental examinations in the Department of Periodontology at the Veterans Health Service Medical Center between 2018 and 2019 were included. They were divided into healthy and periodontitis groups. The overall number of bacteria, and those of 18 specific bacteria, were determined via real-time polymerase chain reaction in 92 mouth-rinse samples. Differences between groups were evaluated through logistic regression after adjusting for sex, age, and smoking history. There was a significant difference in the prevalence (healthy vs. periodontitis group) of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (2.9% vs. 13.5%), Treponema denticola (42.9% vs. 69.2%), and Prevotella nigrescens (80% vs. 2.7%). Levels of Treponema denticola, Prevotella nigrescens, and Streptococcus mitis were significantly associated with severe periodontitis. We demonstrated the feasibility of detecting periopathogenic bacteria in mouth-rinse samples obtained from patients with periodontitis. As we did not comprehensively assess all periopathogenic bacteria, further studies are required to assess the potential of oral-rinsing solutions to indicate oral infection risk and the need to improve oral hygiene, and to serve as a complementary method for periodontal disease diagnosis.
Files in This Item:
T202101050.pdf Download
DOI
10.3390/jcm10040891
Appears in Collections:
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Periodontics (치주과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Choi, Seong Ho(최성호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6704-6124
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/182355
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