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Incidence rate of congenital scoliosis estimated from a nationwide health insurance database

Authors
 Ji-Won Kwon  ;  Hyun Wook Chae  ;  Hye Sun Lee  ;  Sinae Kim  ;  Sahyun Sung  ;  Soo Bin Lee  ;  Seong-Hwan Moon  ;  Hwan-Mo Lee  ;  Byung Ho Lee 
Citation
 SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, Vol.11(1) : 5507, 2021-03 
Journal Title
 SCIENTIFIC REPORTS 
Issue Date
2021-03
Abstract
To investigate the epidemiology of congenital scoliosis (CS) and treatment trends. An age-matched, nationwide, population-based study was conducted using the National Health Insurance and Health Insurance Review and Assessment databases from 2010 to 2015. Data regarding the diagnosis and treatment of scoliosis were extracted using International Classifications of Diseases, 10th revision codes. The age-matched normal population was determined from the Korean Statistical Information Service database. We analyzed the incidence rate of CS according to age and sex, as well as the proportion of surgically treated patients. A total of 1664 patients (aged 0-19 years) were diagnosed with CS. The overall average incidence rate of CS over the 5-year period was 3.08 per 100,000 persons, with the highest and second highest rates at 0 years and 12-16 years of age, respectively. The incidence rate stratified by age ranged from 1.5 to 20.1 per 100,000 persons among the age-matched normal population, with peaks at 0 years of age and the second growth spurt in adolescence (12-16 years for males; 10-14 years for females). Anterior surgery was rarely performed; posterior surgery was performed in 92 patients (5.5% of all patients), with the highest prevalence (56.5%) in patients diagnosed at 10-14 years of age. The overall average incidence rate of CS over a 5-year period was 3.08 per 100,000 persons. Only 5.5% of patients underwent surgery within 5 years after the initial diagnosis.
Files in This Item:
T202101037.pdf Download
DOI
10.1038/s41598-021-85088-7
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Orthopedic Surgery (정형외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Others (기타) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Yonsei Biomedical Research Center (연세의생명연구원) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kwon, Ji-Won(권지원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4880-5310
Kim, Si Nae(김시내)
Moon, Seong Hwan(문성환)
Lee, Byung Ho(이병호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7235-4981
Lee, Hye Sun(이혜선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6328-6948
Lee, Hwan Mo(이환모) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5405-3832
Chae, Hyun Wook(채현욱) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5016-8539
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/182343
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