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Ruptured Infundibular dilatation of the posterior communicating artery

 Woosung Lee  ;  Hyun Jin Han  ;  Junhyung Kim  ;  Jin Young Choi  ;  Keun Young Park  ;  Yong Bae Kim  ;  Joonho Chung 
 ACTA NEUROCHIRURGICA, Vol.163(3) : 797-803, 2021-03 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Aneurysm ; Infundibular dilatation ; Infundibulum ; Posterior communicating artery ; Subarachnoid hemorrhage
Objective: An infundibulum of the posterior communicating artery (PcomA) or infundibular dilatation (ID) is considered to be a benign anatomical variant. However, some evidence suggests that ID is a pre-aneurysmal state. This case series presents cases of ruptured IDs and aneurysms originating from the IDs. Methods: Between April 2002 and June 2020, 1337 patients were treated for aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Among them, 7 patients with ruptured PcomA IDs were identified. Rupture IDs of the PcomA were categorized into 1) direct rupture of IDs, and 2) rupture of aneurysms originating from IDs. The clinical and radiographic factors were retrospectively reviewed. Results: Two patients experienced direct rupture of IDs, while the other 5 patients presented with ruptured aneurysms originating from IDs. The 2 patients with direct rupture of IDs at presentation were relatively younger (< 50 years), while the other 5 patients with ruptured aneurysms originating from IDs were over 70 and had a history of aneurysmal SAH due to other intracranial aneurysms. Ruptured IDs were treated with microsurgery or endovascular treatment. There were no complications related to the procedure for securing ruptured IDs. Five (71.4%) patients showed favorable outcomes. One patient with initial Hunt and Hess grade 4 died due to initial brain damage with cerebral vasospasm and medical complications. Conclusions: ID of the PcomA rarely causes SAH with or without aneurysm formation. Thus, patients with IDs of the PcomA should be carefully followed up for a long period, especially those with a history of aneurysmal SAH.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Neurosurgery (신경외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Yong Bae(김용배) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2262-7157
Kim, Junhyung(김준형)
Park, Keun Young(박근영)
Lee, Woo Sung(이우성)
Chung, Joon Ho(정준호)
Han, Hyun Jin(한현진)
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