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First-trimester screening for early preeclampsia risk using maternal characteristics and estimated placental volume

Authors
 Young Ran Kim  ;  Inkyung Jung  ;  Goeun Park  ;  Sung Woon Chang  ;  Hee Young Cho 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF MATERNAL-FETAL & NEONATAL MEDICINE, Vol.34(7) : 1155-1160, 2021-04 
Journal Title
 JOURNAL OF MATERNAL-FETAL & NEONATAL MEDICINE 
ISSN
 1476-7058 
Issue Date
2021-04
Keywords
Body mass index ; estimated placental volume ; maternal age ; preeclampsia ; ultrasonography
Abstract
Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the strategy of screening for preeclampsia (PE) in the first trimester based on maternal characteristics, and estimated placental volume (EPV). Methods: A prospective cohort study was performed with 351 women enrolled, of which 13 women developed PE. This study analyzed the risk of PE according to ultrasonography findings of the placenta, maternal characteristics, and serum markers. The placental ultrasound exam and maternal serum pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A) was determined at 11+0 to 13+6 weeks and the serum alpha-fetoprotein (MSAFP), human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), unconjugated estriol (uE3), and inhibin A were assayed at 14+0 to 22+0 weeks. We reviewed all antenatal medical screening records and assessed the relationships of EPV of ultrasound examination, maternal characteristics, and serum markers by using multiple logistic regression analysis. Results: Thirteen of the 351 women (3.7%) developed PE in singleton pregnancy. The gestational age at delivery was significantly different between the normal and PE group (p < .001). In the PE group, the placental weight at delivery was not statistically different between the normal and the PE group. The EPV at the first trimester was significantly lower in women with PE compared to those without PE (p = .002). In addition, we predicted PE using combined maternal age, BMI, and EPV, which were achieving an area under the curve of 0.83 overall. Conclusion: A risk prediction model of PE, which combined maternal age, BMI, and EPV can be adopted for the screening of PE at the first trimester in singleton pregnancy.
Full Text
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14767058.2019.1628207
DOI
10.1080/14767058.2019.1628207
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Yonsei Biomedical Research Center (연세의생명연구원) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Biomedical Systems Informatics (의생명시스템정보학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Goeun(박고은)
Jung, Inkyung(정인경) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3780-3213
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/182277
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