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Undergraduate nursing students' experience of learning respiratory system assessment using flipped classroom: A mixed methods study

 JiYeon Choi  ;  Seung Eun Lee  ;  Juyeon Bae  ;  Suyeon Kang  ;  Seongmi Choi  ;  Judith A Tate  ;  You Lee Yang 
 NURSE EDUCATION TODAY, Vol.98 : 104664, 2021-03 
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Active learning ; Flipped classroom approach ; Physical assessment ; Student-centeredness
Background: Knowledge and skill acquisition to perform an accurate respiratory system assessment is a key competency expected in undergraduate nursing students. Learning physical assessment requires the integration of multiple knowledge bases and skills; hence, applying an innovative teaching approach, such as the flipped-classroom (FC) approach, fosters an active and student-centered learning environment for physical assessment class. Objectives: This study evaluated FC's feasibility in delivering respiratory system assessment content in a health assessment course and explored the changes in nursing students' perceptions regarding student-centeredness and active learning environments before and after applying FC. Design: A single group pre- and post-test concurrent mixed-methods design was used. Settings: This study was conducted in a private nursing college in South Korea. Participants: A convenience sample of 91 second year undergraduate nursing students enrolled in a health assessment course. Methods: FC was offered at one didactic session of a physical assessment course. In the FC, students completed a self-directed pre-class activities using online lecture videos and reading materials prior to the class and participated in interactive team-based learning activities inside the classroom. Skills lab practicum took place after the FC. Students' perceptions regarding student-centeredness and active learning environments, in terms of teaching, social, and cognitive presences were measured before (T1) and after (T2) conducting the FC. Qualitative data were obtained at T2 using free-response questions, which required students to comment on their FC experience. Results: Participants' perceptions of student-centeredness significantly increased from T1 to T2. Although student-perceived teaching and social presence in their learning environment showed upward trends from T1 to T2, these changes were not statistically significant. Students considered FC an acceptable approach to foster active learning in a supportive learning environment. Conclusions: This study revealed that incorporating FC to deliver respiratory system assessment content was feasible and considered acceptable by undergraduate nursing students.
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3. College of Nursing (간호대학) > Dept. of Nursing (간호학과) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Lee, Seung Eun(이승은) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4173-3337
Choi, JiYeon(최지연) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1947-7952
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