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Progression and Outcomes of Non-dysfunctional Bicuspid Aortic Valve: Longitudinal Data From a Large Korean Bicuspid Aortic Valve Registry

Authors
 Shinjeong Song  ;  Jiwon Seo  ;  Iksung Cho  ;  Geu-Ru Hong  ;  Jong-Won Ha  ;  Chi Young Shim 
Citation
 FRONTIERS IN CARDIOVASCULAR MEDICINE, Vol.7 : 603323, 2021-01 
Journal Title
 FRONTIERS IN CARDIOVASCULAR MEDICINE 
Issue Date
2021-01
Keywords
aortopathy ; bicuspid aortc valve ; outcomes ; progression ; valve function
Abstract
Background: Using echocardiographic surveillance, many patients are diagnosed with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) without significant valve dysfunction. Limited data are available regarding the progression and outcomes of non-dysfunctional BAV. Methods and Results: We investigated 1,307 BAV patients (984 male, mean age 56 years) diagnosed from Jan 2003 through Dec 2018 in a single tertiary center. Seven hundred sixty-one patients underwent follow-up echocardiography at ≥1 year post-diagnosis. Non-dysfunctional BAV was defined as BAV without moderate aortic stenosis (AS) or aortic regurgitation (AR). The presence of aortopathy was defined as an ascending aorta diameter >37mm. Progression to significant BAV dysfunction, progression to severe aortopathy (ascending aorta diameter ≥45mm), and incidence of valve or aorta operation were analyzed. One hundred eighty-seven (25%) patients showed non-dysfunctional BAV. Among them, 104 (56%) had mild AS or AR, and 81 (43%) had aortopathy at indexed echocardiography. At 6.0 ± 3.8 years post-diagnosis, 56 (29%) progressed to dysfunctional BAV, 28 (15%) progressed to severe aortopathy, 22 (12%) underwent valve operation, and 19 (10%) experienced aorta operation. Eighty-nine percent of patients with normal BAV function and 61% of patients with mild AS or AR maintained non-dysfunctional BAV. More patients with aortopathy progressed to severe aortopathy (35 vs. 0% without aortopathy, p < 0.001), with a higher incidence of aorta operation (21 vs. 2%, p < 0.001). Conclusions: In patients with non-dysfunctional BAV, initial BAV function and degree of aorta dilatation might be important for progression and outcomes. Patients without any dysfunction or aortopathy tend to maintain good structure and function for 6 years.
Files in This Item:
T202100526.pdf Download
DOI
10.3389/fcvm.2020.603323
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Seo, Jiwon(서지원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7641-3739
Shim, Chi Young(심지영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6136-0136
Cho, Ik Sung(조익성)
Ha, Jong Won(하종원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8260-2958
Hong, Geu Ru(홍그루) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4981-3304
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/182164
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