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Structural and Functional Characteristics of Mitral Paravalvular Leakage Identified by Multimodal Imaging and Their Implication on Clinical Presentation

 Jah Yeon Choi  ;  Young Joo Suh  ;  Jiwon Seo  ;  Kang-Un Choi  ;  Geu-Ru Hong  ;  Sak Lee  ;  Seung-Hyun Lee  ;  Jong-Won Ha  ;  Young Jin Kim  ;  Chi Young Shim 
 JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE, Vol.10(2) : 222, 2021-01 
Journal Title
Issue Date
heart failure ; hemolysis ; mitral paravalvular leakage ; multimodal imaging ; pulmonary hypertension
Objective: Clinical presentation of patients with mitral paravalvular leakage (PVL) varies from asymptomatic to heart failure related with hemolytic anemia or pulmonary hypertension. We aimed to investigate the structural and functional characteristics of mitral PVL by multimodal imaging and their association with the severity of hemolysis and hemodynamic significance. Methods: A total of 74 patients with mitral PVL who underwent both cardiac computed tomography (CT) and echocardiography from March 2010 to December 2017 was investigated. Location and size of PVL, degree of left atrial (LA) calcification as measured by CT, and hemodynamic variables as measured by echocardiography were comprehensively analyzed. To investigate the degree of hemolysis and pulmonary hypertension, level of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and Doppler estimated systolic pulmonary artery pressure (SPAP) were used respectively. Results: Level of LDH was not related to PVL perimeter and was variable, especially in patients with a small PVL. However, it was positively correlated with mean mitral regurgitation velocity. Additionally, SPAP was significantly correlated with PVL perimeter and LA calcium score. In multivariable analysis, mean mitral regurgitation velocity was significantly correlated with levels of LDH (β = 0.345; p = 0.016), and PVL perimeter and LA calcium score were independently associated with SPAP (β = 0.249; p = 0.036 and β = 0.467; p < 0.001, respectively). Conclusions: Characteristics of mitral PVL and adjacent structures are associated with the severity of hemolysis and pulmonary hypertension. Evaluating the structural and functional characteristics of mitral PVL by complementary multimodal imaging would be important for understanding the clinical presentation and deciding optimal treatments for individual patients.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery (흉부외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Young Jin(김영진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6235-6550
Suh, Young Joo(서영주) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2078-5832
Seo, Jiwon(서지원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7641-3739
Shim, Chi Young(심지영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6136-0136
Lee, Sak(이삭) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6130-2342
Lee, Seung Hyun(이승현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0311-6565
Ha, Jong Won(하종원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8260-2958
Hong, Geu Ru(홍그루) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4981-3304
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