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Clinical and Striatal Dopamine Transporter Predictors of Mild Behavioral Impairment in Drug-Naive Parkinson Disease

 Han Soo Yoo  ;  Sangwon Lee  ;  Seok Jong Chung  ;  Byoung Seok Ye  ;  Young H Sohn  ;  Mijin Yun  ;  Phil Hyu Lee 
 CLINICAL NUCLEAR MEDICINE, Vol.45(11) : e463-e468, 2020-11 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Aged ; Behavior* ; Dopamine Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins / metabolism* ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Neostriatum / metabolism* ; Parkinson Disease / metabolism* ; Parkinson Disease / physiopathology
Purpose: Neuropsychiatric symptoms are important and frequent nonmotor features in Parkinson disease (PD). We explored mild behavioral impairment (MBI) in drug-naive patients with PD and its clinical and dopamine transporter (DAT) correlates.

Methods: We recruited 275 drug-naive patients with PD who had undergone Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale, a neuropsychological battery, Neuropsychiatric Inventory, and N-(3-[F]fluoropropyl)-2β-carbon ethoxy-3β-(4-iodophenyl) PET within 6 months. Patients with PD were divided into groups without MBI (PD-MBI-, n = 186) and with MBI (PD-MBI+, n = 89) according to the Neuropsychiatric Inventory. We performed comparative analysis of DAT availability, cognitive function, and motor deficits between the groups.

Results: Mild behavioral impairment was found in 32.4% of PD patients at the time of diagnosis, and affective dysregulation and decreased motivation were the 2 most common neuropsychiatric domains. Dopamine transporter availability in the anterior caudate (odds ratio, 0.60; P = 0.016) and anterior putamen (odds ratio, 0.58; P = 0.008) was associated with the development of MBI in PD. PD-MBI+ group had a lower z-score in memory-related tests and Stroop color reading test than PD-MBI- group. PD-MBI+ group had a higher Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale motor score after controlling for DAT availability in the posterior putamen than PD-MBI- group (P = 0.007).

Conclusions: This study suggests that early behavioral impairment is associated with more pathological involvement in the anterior striatum, memory and frontal dysfunction, and motor deficits, which could be regarded as a different phenotype in PD.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Neurology (신경과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Nuclear Medicine (핵의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Sohn, Young Ho(손영호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6533-2610
Ye, Byoung Seok(예병석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0187-8440
Yoo, Han Soo(유한수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7846-6271
Yun, Mijin(윤미진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1712-163X
Lee, Phil Hyu(이필휴) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9931-8462
Chung, Seok Jong(정석종) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6086-3199
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