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Outcomes and Associated Factors of Discrepant Coronary and Carotid Atherosclerosis

 Hyoeun Kim  ;  Jong-Youn Kim  ;  Pil-Ki Min  ;  Young Won Yoon  ;  Byoung Kwon Lee  ;  Bum-Kee Hong  ;  Se-Joong Rim  ;  Hyuck Moon Kwon  ;  Eui-Young Choi 
 INTERNATIONAL HEART JOURNAL, Vol.61(6) : 1142-1149, 2020-11 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Arterial stiffness ; Cardiovascular events ; Coronary artery disease ; Heart failure
Some patients exhibit discrepancies in carotid and coronary artery atherosclerosis. This study aimed to define the characteristics and prognosis of these discrepant patients and determine the best strategy to detect pan-vascular atherosclerosis. A database of 5,022 consecutively registered patients who underwent both coronary angiography and carotid ultrasonography, along with clinical and blood laboratory tests, echocardiography, and pulse wave velocity (PWV), was analyzed. The development of cerebro-cardiovascular (CV) events during the follow-up period was also evaluated. A significant proportion of patients (n = 1,741, 35%) presented with a discrepancy between carotid artery plaque and coronary artery disease (CAD). In patients without carotid plaque, male sex (odds ratio [OR], 1.71; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.20-2.41; P = 0.003), older age (OR, 1.03; 95% CI, 1.01-1.04; P = 0.002), smoking history (OR, 1.58; 95% CI, 1.13-2.20; P = 0.008), lower high-density lipoprotein (HDL) -cholesterol level (OR, 0.97; 95% CI, 0.96-0.98; P < 0.001), and lower common carotid artery end-diastolic velocity (CCA-EDV) (OR, 0.97; 95% CI, 0.95-0.99; P = 0.005) were independently related to the presence of CAD. In patients without CAD, increased PWV was independently related to the presence of carotid plaque. In survival analysis, patients with isolated CAD had a higher probability of composite CV events; those with isolated carotid plaque had a higher probability of heart failure (HF) and mortality than their counterpart groups (P < 0.05). Even in patients without carotid artery plaque, careful coronary evaluation is needed in older or male patients with smoking history, lower HDL-cholesterol level, or lower CCA-EDV. Carotid plaque may be a potential risk factor for HF.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kwon, Hyuck Moon(권혁문) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9901-5015
Kim, Jong Youn(김종윤) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7040-8771
Min, Pil Ki(민필기) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7033-7651
Yoon, Young Won(윤영원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0907-0350
Lee, Byoung Kwon(이병권) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9259-2776
Rim, Se Joong(임세중) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7631-5581
Choi, Eui Young(최의영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3732-0190
Hong, Bum Kee(홍범기) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6456-0184
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