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Hypofractionated Radiotherapy With Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy Decreases Postoperative Complications in Prosthetic Breast Reconstructions: A Clinicopathologic Study

 Seung Yong Song  ;  Jee Suk Chang  ;  Kenneth L Fan  ;  Mi Jung Kim  ;  Hsien Pin Chang  ;  Dae Hyun Lew  ;  Tai Suk Roh  ;  Hyun Roh  ;  Yong Bae Kim  ;  Dong Won Lee 
 FRONTIERS IN ONCOLOGY, Vol.10 : 577136, 2020-11 
Journal Title
Issue Date
dose hypofractionation ; intensity-modulated ; mammaplasty ; postoperative complications ; prostheses and implants ; radiotherapy
Background: Emerging radiation technologies are expected to provide a positive impact on the reduction in postoperative complications in patients receiving prosthetic breast reconstruction. This study aimed to determine whether hypofractionated radiation therapy(RT) with volumetric modulated arc therapy(VMAT) is superior to conventional RT in the setting of prosthetic reconstruction. Methods: From retrospective data collections, postoperative complications were compared for all patients with mastectomy and staged prosthetic reconstruction without RT, with hypofractionation using 40 Gy in 15 fractions with VMAT (Hypo-VMAT) or conventional RT (50 Gy over 5 weeks). After harvesting subpectoral capsules from patients with informed consents, histologic analysis including immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence for collagen type I, α-smooth muscle actin, CD34 and CD31 expression was performed. Results: A total of 288 reconstructions without RT, 55 reconstructions with Hypo-VMAT, and 29 reconstructions with conventional RT were examined. During average follow-up period of 34.8 months, rates of overall complications were 6.3% in the no-radiation group, 18.2% in Hypo-VMAT group and 44.8% in conventional-RT group with significant differences (no-RT vs Hypo-VMAT: p=0.006; Hypo-VMAT vs conventional-RT: p=0.012). Levels of myofibroblasts and tissue fibrosis were lower in the Hypo-VMAT group than in conventional-RT group (p=0.016 and p=0.040, respectively), while those of progenitor cells and microvessel density were higher in the Hypo-VMAT group than in conventional-RT group (p<0.001 and p<0.001, respectively). Conclusion: We demonstrated that hypofractionated RT with VMAT served to reduce radiation-related morbidities in prosthetic reconstruction from a clinicopathologic perspective, compared to conventional RT. It may offer a practical strategy to mitigate radiation-related complications in clinical settings.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiation Oncology (방사선종양학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery (성형외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Yong Bae(김용배) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7573-6862
Roh, Tai Suk(노태석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8681-159X
Song, Seung Yong(송승용) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3145-7463
Lew, Dae Hyun(유대현)
Lee, Dong Won(이동원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0046-3139
Chang, Jee Suk(장지석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7685-3382
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