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Evaluation of the 3D Printing Accuracy of a Dental Model According to Its Internal Structure and Cross-Arch Plate Design: An In Vitro Study

 Seung-Ho Shin  ;  Jung-Hwa Lim  ;  You-Jung Kang  ;  Jee-Hwan Kim  ;  June-Sung Shim  ;  Jong-Eun Kim 
 MATERIALS, Vol.13(23) : E5433, 2020-11 
Journal Title
Issue Date
3D printing ; CAD/CAM ; additive manufacturing ; internal structure ; precision ; trueness
The amount of photopolymer material consumed during the three-dimensional (3D) printing of a dental model varies with the volume and internal structure of the modeling data. This study analyzed how the internal structure and the presence of a cross-arch plate influence the accuracy of a 3D printed dental model. The model was designed with a U-shaped arch and the palate removed (Group U) or a cross-arch plate attached to the palate area (Group P), and the internal structure was divided into five types. The trueness and precision were analyzed for accuracy comparisons of the 3D printed models. Two-way ANOVA of the trueness revealed that the accuracy was 135.2 ± 26.3 µm (mean ± SD) in Group U and 85.6 ± 13.1 µm in Group P. Regarding the internal structure, the accuracy was 143.1 ± 46.8 µm in the 1.5 mm-thick shell group, which improved to 111.1 ± 31.9 µm and 106.7 ± 26.3 µm in the roughly filled and fully filled models, respectively. The precision was 70.3 ± 19.1 µm in Group U and 65.0 ± 8.8 µm in Group P. The results of this study suggest that a cross-arch plate is necessary for the accurate production of a model using 3D printing regardless of its internal structure. In Group U, the error during the printing process was higher for the hollowed models.
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2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Prosthodontics (보철과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Jong Eun(김종은) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7834-2524
Kim, Jee Hwan(김지환) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0872-4906
Shim, June Sung(심준성) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1428-0122
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