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Isoproterenol-induced hypertrophy of neonatal cardiac myocytes and H9c2 cell is dependent on TRPC3-regulated Ca V 1.2 expression

 Jung Woo Han  ;  Choeun Kang  ;  Yonjung Kim  ;  Min Goo Lee  ;  Joo Young Kim 
 CELL CALCIUM, Vol.92 : 102305, 2020-12 
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Ca(2+) influx ; Ca(V)1.2 ; L-type Ca(2+) channel ; NFAT3 ; Neonatal cardiac hypertrophy ; Transient receptor potential canonical channel 3
CaV1.2 and transient receptor potential canonical channel 3 (TRPC3) are two proteins known to have important roles in pathological cardiac hypertrophy; however, such roles still remain unclear. A better understanding of these roles is important for furthering the clinical understanding of heart failure. We previously reported that Trpc3-knockout (KO) mice are resistant to pathologic hypertrophy and that their CaV1.2 protein expression is reduced. In this study, we aimed to examine the relationship between these two proteins and characterize their role in neonatal cardiomyocytes. We measured CaV1.2 expression in the hearts of wild-type (WT) and Trpc3-/- mice, and examined the effects of Trpc3 knockdown and overexpression in the rat cell line H9c2. We also compared the hypertrophic responses of neonatal cardiomyocytes cultured from Trpc3-/- mice to a representative hypertrophy-causing drug, isoproterenol (ISO), and measured the activity of nuclear factor of activated T cells 3 (NFAT3) in neonatal cardiomyocytes (NCMCs). We inhibited the L-type current with nifedipine, and measured the intracellular calcium concentration using Fura-2 with 1-oleoyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycerol (OAG)-induced Ba2+ influx. When using the Trpc3-mediated Ca2+ influx, both intracellular calcium concentration and calcium influx were reduced in Trpc3-KO myocytes. Not only was the expression of CaV1.2 greatly reduced in Trpc3-KO cardiac lysate, but the size of the CaV1.2 currents in NCMCs was also greatly reduced. When NCMCs were treated with Trpc3 siRNA, it was confirmed that the expression of CaV1.2 and the intracellular nuclear transfer activity of NFAT decreased. In H9c2 cells, the ISO activated- and verapamil inhibited- Ca2+ influxes were dramatically attenuated by Trpc3 siRNA treatment. In addition, it was confirmed that both the expression of CaV1.2 and the size of H9c2 cells were regulated according to the expression and activation level of TRPC3. We found that after stimulation with ISO, cell hypertrophy occurred in WT myocytes, while the increase in size of Trpc3-KO myocytes was greatly reduced. These results suggest that not only the cell hypertrophy process in neonatal cardiac myocytes and H9c2 cells were regulated according to the expression level of CaV1.2, but also that the expression level of CaV1.2 was regulated by TRPC3 through the activation of NFAT.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pharmacology (약리학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Yon Jung(김연정) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0251-8711
Kim, Joo Young(김주영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2623-1491
Lee, Min Goo(이민구) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7436-012X
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