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Effect of APOE ε4 genotype on amyloid-β and tau accumulation in Alzheimer's disease

Authors
 Min Seok Baek  ;  Hanna Cho  ;  Hye Sun Lee  ;  Jae Hoon Lee  ;  Young Hoon Ryu  ;  Chul Hyoung Lyoo 
Citation
 Alzheimer's Research & Therapy, Vol.12(1) : 140, 2020-10 
Journal Title
Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
Issue Date
2020-10
Keywords
Alzheimer disease ; Amyloid-β ; ApoE ; Positron emission tomography ; Tau
Abstract
Background: To assess the effects of apolipoprotein E (ApoE) ε4 genotype on amyloid-β (Aβ) and tau burden and their longitudinal changes in Alzheimer's disease (AD) spectrum.

Methods: Among 272 individuals who underwent PET scans (18F-florbetaben for Aβ and 18F-flortaucipir for tau) and ApoE genotyping, 187 individuals completed 2-year follow-up PET scans. After correcting for the partial volume effect, we compared the standardized uptake value ratio (SUVR) for Aβ and tau burden between the ε4+ and ε4- groups. By using a linear mixed-effect model, we measured changes in SUVR in the ApoE ε4+ and ε4- groups.

Results: The ε4+ group showed greater baseline Aβ burden in the diffuse cortical regions and greater tau burden in the lateral, and medial temporal, cingulate, and insula cortices. Tau accumulation rate was higher in the parietal, occipital, lateral, and medial temporal cortices in the ε4+ group. In Aβ+ individuals, baseline tau burden was greater in the medial temporal cortex, while Aβ burden was conversely greater in the ε4- group. Tau accumulation rate was higher in the ε4+ group in a small region in the lateral temporal cortex. The effect of ApoE ε4 on enhanced tau accumulation persisted even after adjusting for the global cortical Aβ burden.

Conclusions: Progressive tau accumulation may be more prominent in ε4 carriers, particularly in the medial and lateral temporal cortices. ApoE ε4 allele has differential effects on the Aβ burden depending on the existing amyloidosis and may enhance vulnerability to progressive tau accumulation in the AD spectrum independent of Aβ.
Files in This Item:
T202004907.pdf Download
DOI
10.1186/s13195-020-00710-6
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Neurology (신경과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Nuclear Medicine (핵의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Yonsei Biomedical Research Center (연세의생명연구원) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Lyoo, Chul Hyoung(류철형) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2231-672X
Baek, Min Seok(백민석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5250-9480
Ryu, Young Hoon(유영훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9000-5563
Lee, Jae Hoon(이재훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9898-9886
Lee, Hye Sun(이혜선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6328-6948
Cho, Hanna(조한나) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5936-1546
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/180555
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