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Image quality of 4D in-treatment CBCT acquired during lung SBRT using FFF beam: a phantom study

 Jihun Kim  ;  Ki Chang Keum  ;  Ho Lee  ;  Chae-Seon Hong  ;  Kwangwoo Park  ;  Jin Sung Kim 
 RADIATION ONCOLOGY, Vol.15(1) : 224, 2020-09 
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Background: Rotational beam delivery enables concurrent acquisition of cone-beam CT (CBCT), thereby facilitating further geometric verification of patient setup during radiation treatment. However, it is challenging to acquire CBCT during stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) using flattening-filter free X-ray beams, in which a high radiation dose is delivered. This study presents quantitative evaluation results of the image quality in four-dimensional (4D) in-treatment CBCT acquired during SBRT delivery. Methods: The impact of megavoltage (MV) scatter and acquisition parameters on the image quality was evaluated using Catphan 503 and XSight lung tracking phantoms. The in-treatment CBCT images of the phantoms were acquired while delivering 16 SBRT plans. The uniformity, contrast, and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) of the in-treatment CBCT images were calculated and compared to those of CBCT images acquired without SBRT delivery. Furthermore, the localizing accuracy of the moving target in the XSight lung phantom was evaluated for 10 respiratory phases. Results: The CNR of the 3D-reconstucted Catphan CBCT images was reduced from 6.3 to 2.6 due to the effect of MV treatment scatter. Both for the Catphan and XSight phantoms, the CBCT image quality was affected by the tube current and monitor units (MUs) of the treatment plan. The lung target in the XSight tracking phantom was most visible for extreme phases; the mean CNRs of the lung target in the in-treatment CBCT images (with 40 mA tube current) across the SBRT plans were 3.2 for the end-of-exhalation phase and 3.0 for the end-of-inhalation phase. The lung target was localized with sub-millimeter accuracy for the extreme respiratory phases. Conclusions: Full-arc acquisition with an increased tube current (e.g. 40 mA) is recommended to compensate for degradation in the CBCT image quality due to unflattened MV beam scatter. Acquiring in-treatment CBCT with a high-MU treatment beam is also suggested to improve the resulting CBCT image quality.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiation Oncology (방사선종양학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Keum, Ki Chang(금기창) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4123-7998
Kim, Jihun(김지훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4856-6305
Kim, Jinsung(김진성) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1415-6471
Park, Kwang Woo(박광우) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9843-7985
Lee, Ho(이호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5773-6893
Hong, Chae-Seon(홍채선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9120-6132
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