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Household food insecurity and dental caries in Korean adults

Authors
 Min Hee Lee  ;  Jeong-Won Park  ;  Yu-Jin Kwon 
Citation
 COMMUNITY DENTISTRY AND ORAL EPIDEMIOLOGY, Vol.48(5) : 371-378, 2020-05 
Journal Title
 COMMUNITY DENTISTRY AND ORAL EPIDEMIOLOGY 
ISSN
 0301-5661 
Issue Date
2020-05
Keywords
Korean adults ; dental caries ; household food insecurity
Abstract
Objective: Food security is important to health maintenance and disease prevention. The aim of this study was to identify the association between household food insecurity and dental caries in Korean adults. Method: Data from 14 770 adults included in the 2013-2015 Korea National Health and Nutritional Survey were analysed. Household food insecurity was evaluated using the 18-item US Household Food Security/Hunger Survey Module. General characteristics differences based on household food security were compared with weighted one-way analysis of variance for continuous variables and weighted chi-squared tests for categorical variables. A modified Poisson approach was used to calculate prevalence ratios and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs). Results: The prevalence of untreated dental caries in permanent teeth was 28.9% (CI;27.6, 30.2), 36.7% (33.0, 40.5) and 48.9% (40.0, 57.8) among individuals with household food security, household food insecurity without hunger and household food insecurity with hunger, respectively. Relative to those who were food-secure, the prevalence ratios (95% CIs) for dental caries were 1.12 (0.97-1.31) and 1.35 (1.02-1.80) for those with household food insecurity without and with hunger, respectively, adjusting for age, sex, body mass index, socioeconomic status, life style, dietary and dental factors. Conclusion: We found that household food insecurity is associated with prevalence of untreated dental caries in Korean adults. Healthcare providers ought to consider the important role that food security can play in the prevention and management of oral health in adults.
Full Text
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/cdoe.12541
DOI
10.1111/cdoe.12541
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Family Medicine (가정의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Conservative Dentistry (보존과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kwon, Yu-Jin(권유진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9021-3856
Park, Jeong Won(박정원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2517-8150
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/179945
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