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Prognostic Value of Dual-Energy CT-Based Iodine Quantification versus Conventional CT in Acute Pulmonary Embolism: A Propensity-Match Analysis

 Dong Jin Im  ;  Jin Hur  ;  Kyunghwa Han  ;  Young Joo Suh  ;  Yoo Jin Hong  ;  Hye Jeong Lee  ;  Young Jin Kim  ;  Byoung Wook Choi 
 KOREAN JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY, Vol.21(9) : 1095-1103, 2020-09 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Acute pulmonary embolism ; Dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) ; Lung perfusion ; Ventricular diameter
Objective: The present study aimed to investigate whether quantitative dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) parameters offer an incremental risk stratification benefit over the CT ventricular diameter ratio in patients with acute pulmonary embolism (PE) by using propensity score analysis.

Materials and methods: This study was conducted on 480 patients with acute PE who underwent CT pulmonary angiography (CTPA) or DECT pulmonary angiography (DE CT-PA). This propensity-matched study population included 240 patients with acute PE each in the CTPA and DECT groups. Altogether, 260 (54.1%) patients were men, and the mean age was 64.9 years (64.9 ± 13.5 years). The primary endpoint was all-cause death within 30 days. The Cox proportional hazards regression model was used to identify associations between CT parameters and outcomes and to identify potential predictors. Concordance (C) statistics were used to compare the prognoses between the two groups.

Results: In both CTPA and DECT groups, right to left ventricle diameter ratio ≥ 1 was associated with an increased risk of all-cause death within 30 days (hazard ratio: 3.707, p < 0.001 and 5.573, p < 0.001, respectively). However, C-statistics showed no statistically significant difference between the CTPA and DECT groups for predicting death within 30 days (C-statistics: 0.759 vs. 0.819, p = 0.117).

Conclusion: Quantitative measurement of lung perfusion defect volume by DECT had no added benefit over CT ventricular diameter ratio for predicting all-cause death within 30 days.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Young Jin(김영진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6235-6550
Suh, Young Joo(서영주) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2078-5832
Lee, Hye Jeong(이혜정) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4349-9174
Im, Dong Jin(임동진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8139-5646
Choi, Byoung Wook(최병욱) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8873-5444
Hur, Jin(허진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8651-6571
Hong, Yoo Jin(홍유진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7276-0944
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