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Swallowing-related quality of life among oral-feeding Chinese patients with Parkinson's disease - a preliminary study using Chinese SWAL-QOL

 Hiu Fung Chan  ;  Manwa Lawrence Ng  ;  HyangHee Kim  ;  Deog Young Kim 
 DISABILITY AND REHABILITATION, Vol.42 : epub., 2020-07 
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Chinese version of SWAL-QOL ; Parkinson’s disease ; deglutition ; depression ; dysphagia ; quality of life
Purpose: The objective of the present study is to evaluate swallowing-related quality of life in Chinese patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) using the validated Chinese version of the Swallowing Quality-of-Life Questionnaire (C-SWAL-QOL) and factors associated with swallowing-related quality of life, including age, disease duration, and severity of depression by 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale in Chinese version (GDS-C). Methods: C-SWAL-QOL was administered to 67 Chinese patients with PD. Upon completion of C-SWAL-QOL, they completed the 15-item GDS-C. Spearman's Rho correlation analyses were performed to examine the relationship between the 10-subscale scores of C-SWAL-QOL and (1) age, (2) disease duration, and (3) depression. Results: Among the subscales in C-SWAL-QOL, sleep, fatigue, eating duration, and communication were the most severely affected. Significant relationships existed between composite C-SWAL-QOL score, total C-SWAL-QOL score, Dysphagia Symptom Battery (DSB) core, and depression. Significant relationships were also observed between depression and the following subscales: communication, fear, mental health, social functioning, and fatigue. Yet, no relationships existed between score of C-SWAL-QOL and age or disease duration in PD. Conclusions: Considering the goal of dysphagia intervention is to improve swallowing safety and efficiency and ultimately enhance patients' QOL, clinicians should consider using C-SWAL-QOL in clinical practice to measure swallowing outcomes and to better understand treatment effectiveness. Implications for rehabilitation Dysphagia-related patient-reported outcome (PRO) measures such as Swallowing Quality-of-Life Questionnaire (SWAL-QOL) are the cornerstone to systematically collecting patient-centered data and monitoring rehabilitation outcomes. Based on the scores of Chinese Parkinson's disease (PD) patients in an oral feeding population indicated in the current study, treatment goal and rehabilitation plan can be set. Chinese patients with Parkinson's disease might benefit from a rehabilitation program focusing on the most severely affected subscales in C-SWAL-QOL.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Rehabilitation Medicine (재활의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Deog Young(김덕용) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7622-6311
Kim, Hyang Hee(김향희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4949-2512
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