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Gender-specific effect of urate on white matter integrity in Parkinson's disease

 Yang Hyun Lee  ;  Seok Jong Chung  ;  Han Soo Yoo  ;  Yoonju Lee  ;  Young H Sohn  ;  Jungho Cha  ;  Phil Hyu Lee 
 PARKINSONISM & RELATED DISORDERS, Vol.75 : 41-47, 2020-06 
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Issue Date
Diffusion tensor imaging ; Gender-specific ; Parkinson's disease ; Uric acid ; White matter integrity
Objectives: To investigate the potential protective influence of serum uric acid (UA) level on white matter (WM) microstructural changes in de novo Parkinson's disease (PD).

Methods: We enrolled a total of 184 patients with drug-naïve de novo PD and 59 age and gender-matched controls that underwent diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). Based on the distribution, serum UA levels were stratified into tertiles in PD patients by gender. Using tract-based spatial statistics (TBSS) analysis, fractional anisotropy (FA), mean diffusivity (MD), axial diffusivity (AD), and radial diffusivity (RD) were used to compare WM integrity between the groups.

Results: Interaction analysis showed that interaction effect on FA values between gender and UA levels in PD was significant in widespread WM areas, including frontal-parieto-temporal, corpus callosum, bilateral internal and external capsule, and thalamic regions. Multiple regression analysis revealed that FA values had a significantly positive correlation with UA levels across widespread WM areas in male patients. However, there was no significant correlation between DTI measures and UA levels in female patients. In a group comparison in male patients, PD with the lowest UA level (PD-L-UA) group showed significantly lower FA and higher MD and RD values in frontal-parieto-temporal WM regions than PD with the highest UA level (PD-H-UA) group. However, female patients did not show significant difference of DTI measures between PD-L-UA and PD-H-UA groups.

Conclusions: The present study demonstrated that the serum UA levels may have the potentially gender-specific close relationship with WM integrity in the early stage of PD.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Neurology (신경과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Sohn, Young Ho(손영호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6533-2610
Yoo, Han Soo(유한수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7846-6271
Lee, Yang Hyun(이양현)
Lee, Phil Hyu(이필휴) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9931-8462
Chung, Seok Jong(정석종) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6086-3199
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