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성인 남자의 흡연과 BMI와의 관계

Other Titles
 A Study on the Relationship Between Smoking Habits and BMI of Adult Males 
 한주희  ;  김명  ;  오대규  ;  오희철 
 Korean Journal of Epidemiology, Vol.20(1) : 39-50, 1998 
Journal Title
Korean Journal of Epidemiology(한국역학회지)
Issue Date
Smoking, obesity and diet are just a few of the multifactors which have been suggested to be associated with the risk of CHD. It is a common phenomenon that persons who stop smoking gain weight. This fear of gaining weight is often given as a reason for giving up to quit smoking.
The purpose of this study is to find the effects of cessation of smoking on body weight and the difference of BMI distribution according to smoking habits.
The subjects of this study were 72 techinical high school teachers in Seoul and Kyounggi-Do, 85 offical wokers of the S-Company and 81 auto industrial workers in PyoungTaek. The investigation for this study has been conducted from Oct. 27th to Oct. 31st 1997. The method was self reported questionnaire survey which consists of general characterisics, smoking habits and its relevant questions. The questionnaires were revised after two-times of. pre-tests, carried out for twenty subjects.
The results are as follows >
1. Smoking habits have significant relations with diet, exercise, drinking and the amount of daily smoking.
2. BMI among different smoking habits groups showed significant differences in following variables : age, the interaction between exercise and smoking habits, drinking level, the interaction between drinking level and smokinghabits and the interaction between total smoking duration and smoking habits.
3. The mean values of BMI are 23.5 in non-smoker, 23.8 in ex-smoker and 23.4 in current smoker. There are no statistically significant differencs among smoking habits.
4. The average of 2.14kg weight gain is witnessed after 6 months of the cessation of smoking. Current weight was high by 3.89kg in average compared to the pre-cessation weight (p-0.0001)
5. The odds ratio for gaining weight among ex-smokers is 8.94 in "increase or very increase" group in diet compared to those of "no change.
6. The multiple regression analysis has a significant model in current smoker (p=O. 001). The mean BMI of those who were "very active in exercise is higher than that of "Inactive" or "active´. The mean BMI of those who were ´light or moderate to heavy drinker´ is lower than that of "non-drinker". The mean BMI of those who have the monthly income 1.5millions 1.99millions won is significantly higher than those having less than 1.5millions or more than 2.Omillions won.
The implication of this study could suggest that health education for smoking cessation needs new approches to minimize weight gain.
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Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Ohrr, Hee Choul(오희철)
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