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폐쇄성 수면 무호흡증 환자에 있어서 하악 재위치 장치 장착과 체위에 따른 상기도 구조와 근활성도의 변화에 관한 EMG 및 두부방사선학적 연구

Other Titles
 EMG AND CEPHALOMETRIC STUDY ON CHANCES IN UPPER AIRWAY STRUCTURES AND MUSCLE ACTIVITIES ACCORDING TO THE USE OF MANDIBULAR REPOSITIONING APPLIANCE AND BODY POSTURE IN OSA PATIENTS 
Authors
 박영철  ;  배응권  ;  이정권  ;  이종석  ;  김태관 
Citation
 Korean Journal of Orthodontics (대한치과교정학회지), Vol.28(4) : 547-561, 1998 
Journal Title
 Korean Journal of Orthodontics (대한치과교정학회지) 
ISSN
 2234-7518 
Issue Date
1998
Abstract
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a disorder characterized by repetitive episode of upper airway collapse during sleep. Recent studies showed that not only the anatomic factors but the physiologic factors of the upper airway also have effcts on the occurrence of apnea and that the genioglossus muscle also plays an important role in the maintenance of the upper airway. A variety of therapies were performed to treat OSA, and among them the use of mandibular repositioning appliances showed reasonable results. But there is still a lack of research on the structural and physiological mechanism upon the use of mandibular repositioning appliances. The author selected 26(male 17, female 9) OSA patients that came to the Yonsei University Dental Hospital, Department of Orthodontics, and 20 normal adults (male 10, female 10) and took cephalometric radiographs of them in a supine position before and after the placement of the mandibular repositioning appliance to see the structural changes of the upper airway and compare the therapeutic effects between the two groups. We also studied the waking genioglossus muscle activity in OSA patients and investigated the difference in the electromyogram of the genioglosssus muscle upon the change in body posture and the use of mandibular repositioning appliance. Following results were obtained. 1. Among the cephalometric measurements of the upper airway structure, the length of the soft palate, maximum thickness of the soft Palate and SPAS, MAS, VAL, H-H1, MP-H showed statistically significant differences between the normal and OSA groups, but the IAS and EAS showed no statistically significant differences between the two groups. 2. In both the normal and OSA groups, as the epiglottis moved forward on wearing the mandibular repositioning appliance, the epiglottis level of the upper airway increased and the maximum thickness of the soft palate changed and the hyoid bone also moved forward, but the IAS in both groups showed various results and the effect of the mandibular repositioning appliance on the structure of the upper airway was different in the two groups. 3. Upon changing the position, the electromyogram of the genioglossus muscle showed a increasing tendency but there was no statistically significant differences, and when the mandibular repositioning appliance were worn there was a statistically significant increase in the electromyogram of the genioglossus muscle in both the upright and supine positions. The mandibular repositioning appliances not only have an effect on the anatomical structure of the upper airway but also on the physiology of the upper airway. There are different responses to the use of mandibular repositioning appliance between the normal and OSA groups therefore it could be considered to have the different physiology of the upper airway between the two groups.
Files in This Item:
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Appears in Collections:
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Orthodontics (교정과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Young Chel(박영철)
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/176919
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