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Comparison of Diagnostic Performance of Two-Dimensional and Three-Dimensional Fractal Dimension and Lacunarity Analyses for Predicting the Meningioma Grade

 Soopil Kim  ;  Yae Won Park  ;  Sang Hyun Park  ;  Sung Soo Ahn  ;  Jong Hee Chang  ;  Se Hoon Kim  ;  Seung Koo Lee 
 Brain Tumor Research and Treatment, Vol.8(1) : 36-42, 2020-04 
Journal Title
 Brain Tumor Research and Treatment 
Issue Date
Fractals ; Magnetic resonance imaging ; Meningioma
Background: To compare the diagnostic performance of two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) fractal dimension (FD) and lacunarity features from MRI for predicting the meningioma grade. Methods: This retrospective study included 123 meningioma patients [90 World Health Organization (WHO) grade I, 33 WHO grade II/III] with preoperative MRI including post-contrast T1-weighted imaging. The 2D and 3D FD and lacunarity parameters from the contrast-enhancing portion of the tumor were calculated. Reproducibility was assessed with the intraclass correlation coefficient. Multivariable logistic regression analysis using 2D or 3D fractal features was performed to predict the meningioma grade. The diagnostic ability of the 2D and 3D fractal models were compared. Results: The reproducibility between observers was excellent, with intraclass correlation coefficients of 0.97, 0.95, 0.98, and 0.96 for 2D FD, 2D lacunarity, 3D FD, and 3D lacunarity, respectively. WHO grade II/III meningiomas had a higher 2D and 3D FD (p=0.003 and p<0.001, respectively) and higher 2D and 3D lacunarity (p=0.002 and p=0.006, respectively) than WHO grade I meningiomas. The 2D fractal model showed an area under the curve (AUC), accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of 0.690 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.581-0.799], 72.4%, 75.8%, and 64.4%, respectively. The 3D fractal model showed an AUC, accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of 0.813 (95% CI 0.733-0.878), 82.9%, 81.8%, and 70.0%, respectively. The 3D fractal model exhibited significantly better diagnostic performance than the 2D fractal model (p<0.001). Conclusion: The 3D fractal analysis proved superiority in diagnostic performance to 2D fractal analysis in grading meningioma.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pathology (병리학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Neurosurgery (신경외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Se Hoon(김세훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7516-7372
Park, Yae Won(박예원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8907-5401
Ahn, Sung Soo(안성수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0503-5558
Lee, Seung Koo(이승구) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5646-4072
Chang, Jong Hee(장종희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1509-9800
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