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Prediction of High-Grade Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma Based on Plasma mRNA Profiles in Patients With Localized Pathologic T1N0M0 Stage Disease

 Jee Soo Park  ;  Hyo Jung Lee  ;  Ahmad Almujalhem  ;  Hatem Hamed Althubiany  ;  Alqahatani Ali A  ;  Won Sik Jang  ;  Jongchan Kim  ;  Seung Hwan Lee  ;  Koon Ho Rha  ;  Won Sik Ham 
 CANCERS, Vol.12(5) : 1182, 2020-05 
Journal Title
Issue Date
biomarker ; clear cell renal cell carcinoma ; high-grade ; mRNA profile ; plasma
A high nuclear grade is crucial to predicting tumor recurrence and metastasis in clear cell renal cell carcinomas (ccRCCs). We aimed to compare the mRNA profiles of tumor tissues and preoperative plasma in patients with localized T1 stage ccRCCs, and to evaluate the potential of the plasma mRNA profile for predicting high-grade ccRCCs. Data from a prospective cohort (n = 140) were collected between November 2018 and November 2019. Frozen tumor tissues and plasma were used to measure PBRM1, BAP1, SET domain-containing 2 (SETD2), KDM5C, FOXC2, CLIP4, AQP1, DDX11, BAIAP2L1, and TMEM38B mRNA levels, and correlation with the Fuhrman grade was investigated. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed significant association between high-grade ccRCC and SETD2 and DDX11 mRNA levels in tissues (odds ratio (b) = 0.021, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.001-0.466, p = 0.014; b = 6.116, 95% CI: 1.729-21.631, p = 0.005, respectively) and plasma (b = 0.028, 95% CI 0.007-0.119, p < 0.001; b = 1.496, 95% CI: 1.187-1.885, p = 0.001, respectively). High-grade ccRCC prediction models revealed areas under the curve of 0.997 and 0.971 and diagnostic accuracies of 97.86% and 92.86% for the frozen tissue and plasma, respectively. SETD2 and DDX11 mRNA can serve as non-invasive plasma biomarkers for predicting high-grade ccRCCs. Studies with long follow-ups are needed to validate the prognostic value of these biomarkers in ccRCCs.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Urology (비뇨의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Jong Chan(김종찬) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0022-6689
Rha, Koon Ho(나군호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8588-7584
Park, Jee Soo(박지수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9976-6599
Lee, Seung Hwan(이승환) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7358-8544
Jang, Won Sik(장원식) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9082-0381
Ham, Won Sik(함원식) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2246-8838
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