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Emergency Intracranial Stenting in Acute Stroke: Predictors for Poor Outcome and for Complications

Authors
 Christian Paul Stracke  ;  Jens Fiehler  ;  Lukas Meyer  ;  Götz Thomalla  ;  Lars Udo Krause  ;  Stephan Lowens  ;  Jan Rothaupt  ;  Byung Moon Kim  ;  Ji Hoe Heo  ;  Leonard L L Yeo  ;  Tommy Andersson  ;  Christoph Kabbasch  ;  Franziska Dorn  ;  Rene Chapot  ;  Uta Hanning 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN HEART ASSOCIATION, Vol.9(5) : e012795, 2020-03 
Journal Title
 JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN HEART ASSOCIATION 
Issue Date
2020-03
Keywords
intracranial stenosis ; retriever ; stenting ; thrombectomy ; thrombus
Abstract
Background Stent-retriever thrombectomy is the first-line therapy in acute stroke with intracranial large vessel occlusion. In case of failure of stent-retriever thrombectomy, rescue stent angioplasty might be the only treatment option to achieve permanent recanalization. This study aims at identifying predictors for poor outcome and complications in a large, multicenter cohort receiving rescue stent angioplasty. Methods and Results We performed a retrospective analysis of patients with large vessel occlusion who were treated with rescue stent angioplasty after stent-retriever thrombectomy between 2012 and 2018 in 7 neurovascular centers. We defined 2 binary outcomes: (1) functional clinical outcome (good modified Rankin Scale, 0-2; and poor modified Rankin Scale, 4-6) and (2) early symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage. Impacts of clinical, radiological, and interventional parameters on outcomewere assessed in uni- and multivariable logistic regression models. Two hundred ten patients were included with target vessels located within the anterior circulation (136 of 210; 64.8%) and posterior circulation (74 of 210; 35.2%). Symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage occured in 22 patients, 86.4% (19 of 22) after anterior and 13.6% (3 of 22) after posterior circulation large vessel occlusion. Good functional outcome was observed in 44.8% (73 of 163). A higher National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale on admission (adjusted odds ratio, 1.10; P=0.002), a higher premorbid modified Rankin Scale (adjusted odds ratio, 2.02; P=0.049), and a modified Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction score of 0 to 2a after stenting (adjusted odds ratio, 23.24; P<0.001) were independent predictors of poor functional outcome. Conclusions Use of rescue stent angioplasty can be considered for acute intracranial large vessel occlusion in cases after unsuccessful stent-retriever thrombectomy. Likelihood of symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage is higher in anterior circulation stroke.
Files in This Item:
T202001175.pdf Download
DOI
10.1161/JAHA.119.012795
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Neurology (신경과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Byung Moon(김병문) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8593-6841
Heo, Ji Hoe(허지회) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9898-3321
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/176009
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