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Posterior Dental Compensation and Occlusal Function in Adults With Different Sagittal Skeletal Malocclusions

Authors
 Soonshin Hwang  ;  Yoon Jeong Choi  ;  Sooin Jung  ;  Sujin Kim  ;  Chooryung J Chung  ;  Kyung-Ho Kim 
Citation
 KOREAN JOURNAL OF ORTHODONTICS, Vol.50(2) : 98-107, 2020-03 
Journal Title
 KOREAN JOURNAL OF ORTHODONTICS 
ISSN
 2234-7518 
Issue Date
2020-03
Keywords
Cone beam computed tomography ; Occlusal force ; Sagittal skeletal malocclusion
Abstract
Objective: The aim of this study was to compare posterior tooth inclinations, occlusal force, and contact area of adults with different sagittal malocclusions. Methods: Transverse skeletal parameters and posterior tooth inclinations were evaluated using cone beam computed tomography images, and occlusal force as well as contact area were assessed using pressure-sensitive films in 124 normodivergent adults. A linear mixed model was used to cluster posterior teeth into maxillary premolar, maxillary molar, mandibular premolar, and mandibular molar groups. Differences among Class I, II, and III groups were compared using an analysis of variance test and least significant difference post-hoc test. Correlations of posterior dental inclinations to occlusal function were analyzed using Pearson's correlation analysis. Results: In male subjects, maxillary premolars and molars had the smallest inclinations in the Class II group while maxillary molars had the greatest inclinations in the Class III group. In female subjects, maxillary molars had the smallest inclinations in the Class II group, while maxillary premolars and molars had the greatest inclinations in the Class III group. Occlusal force and contact area were not significantly different among Class I, II, and III groups. Conclusions: Premolar and molar inclinations showed compensatory inclinations to overcome anteroposterior skeletal discrepancy in the Class II and III groups; however, their occlusal force and contact area were similar to those of Class I group. In subjects with normodivergent facial patterns, although posterior tooth inclinations may vary, difference in occlusal function may be clinically insignificant in adults with Class I, II, and III malocclusions.
Files in This Item:
T202001164.pdf Download
DOI
10.4041/kjod.2020.50.2.98
Appears in Collections:
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Orthodontics (교정과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Kyung Ho(김경호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8154-2041
Chung, Chooryung J.(정주령) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9399-7193
Choi, Yoon Jeong(최윤정) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0781-8836
Hwang, Soon Shin(황순신) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6472-4732
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/175999
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