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Copy Number Variations and Multiallelic Variants in Korean Patients With Leber Congenital Amaurosis

 Dongheon Surl  ;  Saeam Shin  ;  Seung-Tae Lee  ;  Jong Rak Choi  ;  Junwon Lee  ;  Suk Ho Byeon  ;  Sueng-Han Han  ;  Hyun Taek Lim  ;  Jinu Han 
 MOLECULAR VISION, Vol.26 : 26-35, 2020-02 
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Purpose: We comprehensively evaluated the mutational spectrum of Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA) and investigated the molecular diagnostic rate and genotype-phenotype correlation in a Korean cohort. Methods: This single-center retrospective case series included 50 Korean patients with LCA between June 2015 and March 2019. Molecular analysis was conducted using targeted panel-based next-generation sequencing, including deep intronic and regulatory variants or whole exome sequencing. The molecular diagnosis was made based on the inheritance pattern, zygosity, and pathogenicity. Results: Among the 50 patients, 27 patients (54%) were male, and 11 (22%) showed systemic features. Genetic variants highly likely to be causative were identified in 78% (39/50) of cases and segregated into families. We detected two pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants in a gene linked to a recessive trait without segregation analysis in three cases (6.0%). GUCY2D (20%), NMNAT1 (18%), and CEP290 (16%) were the most frequently mutated genes in Korean LCA. Copy number variations were found in three patients, which accounted for 6% of LCA cases. A possible dual molecular diagnosis (Senior-Løken syndrome along with Leigh syndrome, and Joubert syndrome with transposition of the great arteries) was made in two patients (4%). Three of 50 patients were medically or surgically actionable: one patient for RPE65 gene therapy and two patients with WDR19 Senior-Løken syndrome for early preparation for kidney and liver transplantations. Conclusions: This study demonstrated that approximately 4% of patients may have dual molecular diagnoses, and 6% were surgically or medically actionable in LCA. Therefore, accurate molecular diagnosis and careful interpretation of next-generation sequencing results can be of great help in patients with LCA.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Ophthalmology (안과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Laboratory Medicine (진단검사의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Byeon, Suk Ho(변석호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8101-0830
Shin, Saeam(신새암) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1501-3923
Lee, Seung-Tae(이승태) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1047-1415
Lee, Jun Won(이준원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0543-7132
Choi, Jong Rak(최종락) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0608-2989
Han, Seung Han(한승한) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8972-4790
Han, Jinu(한진우) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8607-6625
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