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조선전기 의관층의 동향 : 관료제와 신분제의 충돌

Other Titles
 The trend of the medical officers during the early Joseon Dynasty : conflict between the bureaucratism and classism 
 역사학보, Vol.242 : 43-74, 2019-06 
Journal Title
Issue Date
The early Joseon Dynasty ; Medical care ; Gentry-born medical officers ; Humble-born medical officers ; Bureaucratism ; Classism
In this article, I divided the early Joseon Dynasty’s medical officers into gentry-born medical officers and humble-born medical officers according to their status and tracked their growth process. The gentry-born medical officers sought to advance to the civil officer and the military officer as they tried to promote themselves beyond the senior thirdlevel officer. As a result, the door to the rise of status was left open in the form of special appointment in spite of the entrenched the classism of the yangban ruling class advantage. The humble-born medical officers had been entered the medical posts from the very beginning of the Joseon dynasty, thanks to the positive attitude of senior officials concerned about the future of their descendants. Since under the reign of King Yonsangun, humble-born medical officers had worked hard to qualify for the medical officer examination, and the King Jungjong has finally established a system to become a regular medical officer with the medical ofifcer examination. The medical officers achieved their status as the experts group, but had to endure the situation of being stuck in the middle class by the yangban ruling class. However, the humble-born medical officers were able to grow into the middle class by becoming the regular medical officers. And the gentry-born medical officers regarded as middle class could grow into the dominant class by advancing to the senior third-level officer.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Medical History (의사학과) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Lee, Kyung-Lock(이경록)
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