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Retrospective comparison of EASL 2018 and LI-RADS 2018 for the noninvasive diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma using magnetic resonance imaging

Authors
 Sunyoung Lee  ;  Myeong-Jin Kim  ;  Seung-seob Kim  ;  Hyejung Shin  ;  Do Young Kim  ;  Jin-Young Choi  ;  Mi-Suk Park  ;  Donald G. Mitchell 
Citation
 HEPATOLOGY INTERNATIONAL, Vol.14(1) : 70-79, 2020 
Journal Title
 HEPATOLOGY INTERNATIONAL 
ISSN
 1936-0533 
Issue Date
2020
Keywords
Contrast media ; Diagnosis ; Hepatocellular carcinoma ; Magnetic resonance imaging
Abstract
PURPOSE: We compared the diagnostic performances of the European Association for the Study of the Liver (EASL) 2018 and Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (LI-RADS) 2018 criteria on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for the noninvasive diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in high-risk patients and evaluated the difference in diagnostic value between MRI with extracellular contrast agents (ECA-MRI) and MRI with hepatobiliary agents (HBA-MRI). METHODS: This study included 382 observations from 298 patients at high risk for HCC who underwent preoperative multiphasic contrast-enhanced MRI between January 2015 and December 2016. Two readers assessed all observations according to the EASL 2018 and LI-RADS 2018 criteria, and the per-observation diagnostic performances were compared. RESULTS: On ECA-MRI, the LR-5 category of LI-RADS 2018 showed significantly higher sensitivity (78.9% vs. 71.5%, p = 0.005) and accuracy (81.7% vs. 75.0%, p = 0.003) for the diagnosis of HCC than the EASL 2018. On HBA-MRI, the diagnostic performances of the EASL 2018 and LR-5 of LI-RADS 2018 were not significantly different. When using EASL 2018, no statistically significant differences were observed in the diagnostic performances between ECA-MRI and HBA-MRI; however, when using the LR-5 of LI-RADS 2018, ECA-MRI had a higher sensitivity (78.9% vs. 67.5%, p = 0.029) than HBA-MRI. CONCLUSIONS: On ECA-MRI, the LR-5 category of LI-RADS 2018 provides better sensitivity and accuracy than the EASL 2018 for diagnosing HCC. EASL 2018 provides comparable diagnostic performances between ECA-MRI and HBA-MRI, but the LR-5 category of LI-RADS 2018 provides better sensitivity on ECA-MRI than on HBA-MRI.
Full Text
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs12072-019-10002-3
DOI
10.1007/s12072-019-10002-3
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Do Young(김도영)
Kim, Myeong Jin(김명진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7949-5402
Kim, Seung-seob(김승섭) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6071-306X
Park, Mi-Suk(박미숙) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5817-2444
Lee, Sunyoung(이선영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6893-3136
Choi, Jin Young(최진영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9025-6274
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/175317
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