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Carotid Artery Stenting and Intracranial Thrombectomy for Tandem Cervical and Intracranial Artery Occlusions

 Byungjun Kim  ;  Byung Moon Kim  ;  Oh Young Bang  ;  Jang-Hyun Baek  ;  Ji Hoe Heo  ;  Hyo Suk Nam  ;  Young Dae Kim  ;  Joonsang Yoo  ;  Dong Joon Kim  ;  Pyoung Jeon  ;  Seung Kug Baik  ;  Sang Hyun Suh  ;  Kyung-Yul Lee  ;  Hyo Sung Kwak  ;  Hong Gee Roh  ;  Young-Jun Lee  ;  Sang Heum Kim  ;  Chang Woo Ryu  ;  Yon-Kwon Ihn  ;  Hong-Jun Jeon  ;  Jin Woo Kim  ;  Jun Soo Byun  ;  Sangil Suh  ;  Jeong Jin Park  ;  Woong Jae Lee  ;  Jieun Roh  ;  Byoung-soo Shin 
 NEUROSURGERY, Vol.86(2) : 213-220, 2020 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Acute stroke ; Carotid arteries ; Stent ; Thrombectomy
BACKGROUND: It remains controversial whether carotid artery stenting (CAS) is needed in cases of tandem cervical internal carotid artery occlusion (cICAO) and intracranial large vessel occlusion (LVO). OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy and safety of CAS in combination with endovascular thrombectomy (CAS-EVT) in cICAO-LVO patients and to compare its outcomes with those of EVT without CAS (EVT-alone). METHODS: We identified all patients who underwent EVT for tandem cICAO-LVO from the prospectively maintained registries of 17 stroke centers. Patients were classified into 2 groups: CAS-EVT and EVT-alone. Clinical characteristics and procedural and clinical outcomes were compared between 2 groups. We tested whether CAS-EVT strategy was independently associated with recanalization success. RESULTS: Of the 955 patients who underwent EVT, 75 patients (7.9%) had cICAO-LVO. Fifty-six patients underwent CAS-EVT (74.6%), and the remaining 19 patients underwent EVT-alone (25.4%). The recanalization (94.6% vs 63.2%, P = .002) and good outcome rates (64.3% vs 26.3%, P = .007) were significantly higher in the CAS-EVT than in the EVT-alone. Mortality was significantly lower in the CAS-EVT (7.1% vs 21.6%, P = .014). There was no significant difference in the rate of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage between 2 groups (10.7 vs 15.8%; P = .684) and according to the use of glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor (10.0% vs 12.3%; P = .999) or antiplatelet medications (10.2% vs 18.8%; P = .392). CAS-EVT strategy remained independently associated with recanalization success (odds ratio: 24.844; 95% confidence interval: 1.445-427.187). CONCLUSION: CAS-EVT strategy seemed to be effective and safe in cases of tandem cICAO-LVO. CAS-EVT strategy was associated with recanalization success, resulting in better clinical outcome.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Neurology (신경과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Dong Joon(김동준) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7035-087X
Kim, Byung Moon(김병문) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8593-6841
Kim, Young Dae(김영대) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5750-2616
Nam, Hyo Suk(남효석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4415-3995
Suh, Sang Hyun(서상현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7098-4901
Lee, Kyung Yul(이경열) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5585-7739
Heo, Ji Hoe(허지회) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9898-3321
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