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Regional thickness of facial skin and superficial fat: Application to the minimally invasive procedures

Authors
 You‐Soo Kim  ;  Kang‐Woo Lee  ;  Ji‐Soo Kim  ;  Young‐Chun Gil  ;  Tansatit Tanvaa  ;  Dong Hoon Shin  ;  Hee-Jin Kim 
Citation
 CLINICAL ANATOMY, Vol.32(8) : 1008-1018, 2019 
Journal Title
 CLINICAL ANATOMY 
ISSN
 0897-3806 
Issue Date
2019
Keywords
facial skin ; regional thickness ; superficial fat ; three-dimensional scanning system
Abstract
Various recently introduced minimally invasive treatment modalities are now widely used for enhancing the aging face. In a special, filler is used to increase the volume of tissue, and so understanding the regional thickness and distribution of the facial superficial fat is essential for optimizing minimally invasive procedures. The aim of this study was to establish the overall facial skin and superficial fat thicknesses using a three-dimensional (3D) scanning system. From 53 adult Korean and Thai embalmed adult cadavers, the undissected and serially-dissected facial specimens were scanned and reconstructed. The facial skin and superficial fat thicknesses on seven facial regions were calculated from the superimposed images. The facial skin tended to become thicker in the order of the radix and dorsum, and the temple, supraorbital, forehead, perioral, cheek, and infraorbital areas. The skin was thinnest at radix and dorsum (1.51 ± 0.55 mm), and thickest in infraorbital region (1.97 ± 0.84 mm). The facial superficial fat thickness tended to increase in the order of the radix and dorsum, supraorbital, forehead, temple, cheek, infraorbital, and perioral regions. The superficial fat was thinnest at the radix and dorsum (1.61 ± 1.07 mm), and thickest in the perioral region (5.14 ± 3.31 mm). The facial superficial fat thickness tended to increase in the order of the radix and dorsum, supraorbital, forehead, temple, cheek, infraorbital, and perioral regions. The present findings indicate that 3D scanning system can yield crucial anatomical information about depths of the facial skin and superficial fat layers for utilization in various clinical procedures.
Full Text
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/ca.23331
DOI
10.1002/ca.23331
Appears in Collections:
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Oral Biology (구강생물학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Hee Jin(김희진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1139-6261
Lee, Kang Woo(이강우)
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/175207
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