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Feasibility of Simultaneous Multislice Acceleration Technique in Diffusion-Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Rectum

 Jae Hyon Park  ;  Nieun Seo  ;  Joon Seok Lim  ;  Jongmoon Hahm  ;  Myeong-Jin Kim 
 KOREAN JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY, Vol.21(1) : 77-87, 2020 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Diffusion-weighted imaging ; Rectal cancer ; Rectum ; Simultaneous multislice
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of simultaneous multislice-accelerated diffusion-weighted imaging (SMS-DWI) of the rectum in comparison with conventional DWI (C-DWI) in rectal cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 65 patients with initially-diagnosed rectal cancer. All patients underwent C-DWI and SMS-DWI with acceleration factors of 2 and 3 (SMS2-DWI and SMS3-DWI, respectively) using a 3T scanner. Acquisition times of the three DWI sequences were measured. Image quality in the three DWI sequences was reviewed by two independent radiologists using a 4-point Likert scale and subsequently compared using the Friedman test. Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values for rectal cancer and the normal rectal wall were compared among the three sequences using repeated measures analysis of variance. RESULTS: Acquisition times using C-DWI, SMS2-DWI, and SMS3-DWI were 173 seconds, 107 seconds, (38.2% shorter than C-DWI), and 77 seconds (55.5% shorter than C-DWI), respectively. For all image quality parameters other than distortion (margin sharpness, artifact, lesion conspicuity, and overall image quality), C-DWI and SMS2-DWI yielded better results than did SMS3-DWI (Ps < 0.001), with no significant differences observed between C-DWI and SMS2-DWI (Ps ≥ 0.054). ADC values of rectal cancer (p = 0.943) and normal rectal wall (p = 0.360) were not significantly different among C-DWI, SMS2-DWI, and SMS3-DWI. CONCLUSION: SMS-DWI using an acceleration factor of 2 is feasible for rectal MRI resulting in substantial reductions in acquisition time while maintaining diagnostic image quality and similar ADC values to those of C-DWI.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Myeong Jin(김명진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7949-5402
Seo, Nieun(서니은) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8745-6454
Lim, Joon Seok(임준석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0334-5042
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