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Effects of Preservative-free 3% Diquafosol in Patients with Pre-existing Dry Eye Disease after Cataract Surgery: A Randomized Clinical Trial

 Ikhyun Jun  ;  Seonghee Choi  ;  Geun Young Lee  ;  Young Joon Choi  ;  Hyung Keun Lee  ;  Eung Kweon Kim  ;  Kyoung Yul Seo  ;  Tae-im Kim 
 SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, Vol.9(1) : 12659, 2019 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Dry eye disease (DED) after cataract surgery has become a critical concern, and various therapeutic options have been developed. Recently, preservative-free diquafosol ophthalmic solution has been introduced; however, its therapeutic effect on DED after cataract surgery has not been reported. We investigated the efficacy of preservative-free diquafosol in patients with pre-existing DED after cataract surgery. We divided subjects who were diagnosed with DED and scheduled to undergo cataract surgery, into 3 groups (preservative-free diquafosol, group 1; preservative-containing diquafosol, group 2; preservative-free hyaluronate, group 3), and each eye drops was administered 6 times daily after surgery. Tear break up time (TBUT), Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI), corneal staining score, lid margin abnormality, and meibum quality improved over time in group 1. Groups 1 and 2 had significantly superior TBUT, meibomian gland dysfunction grade, and meibomian gland expressibility throughout the study period than group 3. Meibum quality of group 1 was significantly better than group 2 at 1 and 3 months after surgery. Preservative-free diquafosol showed better efficacy in treating DED after cataract surgery than preservative-containing diquafosol or preservative-free hyaluronate. Preservative-free diquafosol may serve as a reliable option for the management of patients with pre-existing DED after phacoemulsification.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Ophthalmology (안과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Eung Kweon(김응권) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1453-8042
Kim, Tae Im(김태임) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6414-3842
Seo, Kyoung Yul(서경률) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9855-1980
Lee, Hyung Keun(이형근) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1123-2136
Jun, Ik Hyun(전익현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2160-1679
Choi, Young Joon(최영준)
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