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척추분리성 척추전방전위증의 자기공명영상 : 추간공의 변화와 신경근 압박

Other Titles
 MR Imaging of Spondylolytic Spondylolisthesis: Changes of Intervertebral Foramen and Nerve Root Compression 
 김지형  ;  정태섭  ;  김영수 
 Journal of the Korean Radiologist Society (대한방사선의학회지), Vol.41(2) : 229-234, 1999 
Journal Title
Journal of the Korean Radiologist Society(대한방사선의학회지)
Issue Date
Spine ; MR ; Spondylolysis
PURPOSE: To evaluate the factors affecting intervertebral foramen stenosis and nerve root compression in spondylolytic spondylolisthesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We investigated 120 intervertebral foramina of 60 patients with spondylolytic spondy-lolisthesis who had undergone lumbar MRI. A retrospective review of their MR images revealed the degree of intervertebral foramen stenosis and causes of nerve root compression. The relationship between disk height diminution following spondylolysis and degree of intervertebral foramen stenosis was also evaluated. RESULTS: Forty eight of 60 patients showed a similar degree of intervertebral foramen stenosis, and in 12 patients the degree of stenosis was different. In 110 intervertebral foramina, stenosis of both the superior and inferior compartments of intervertebral foramina was demonstrated. In 37 of 120 cases (30.8 %), stenosis was mild; in 44 of 120 (36.7 %) it was modcrate, and in 29 of 120 (24.2%) it was severe. Stenosis of the inferior compartment was demonstrated in ten of 120 intervertebral foramina (8.3 %). Nerve root compression was caused by posterior bulging of the intervertebral disk (65/120), descent of the pedicle (51/120), an isthmic bony segment above the site of spondylolysis (44/120), a bony spur formed at a spondylolytic site (11/120), and fibrocar-tilaginous callus at a spondylolytic site (5/48). In all cases there was degenerative change of the intervertebral disk at the affected level. There was no relationship between degree of disk height diminution and degree of intervertebral foramen stenosis (p>0.05). CONCLUSION: The degree of intervertebral foramen stenosis and causes of nerve root compression in spondy-lolytic spondylolisthesis are variable, and MRI demonstrates them precisely. There was no positive relationship between degree of nerve root compression at an intervertebral foramen and degree of spondylolysis and degeneration of an intervertebral foramen. The degree of nerve root compression is believed to be another criterion for describing spondylolytic spondylolisthesis.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Chung, Tae Sub(정태섭)
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