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A PCR Analysis of ERα and ERβ mRNA Abundance in Rats and the Effect of Ovariectomy

 S. K. Lim  ;  Y. J. Won  ;  H. C. Lee  ;  K. B. Huh  ;  Y. S. Park 
 Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, Vol.14(7) : 1189-1196, 1999 
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To study the relative abundance and the changes of both estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) and ERbeta mRNA before and after ovariectomy in major organs important to the regulation of calcium homeostasis, we compared the degree of mRNA expression of ERalpha to that of ERbeta in rat tissues by performing competitive reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) with internal standards. Both ERalpha and ERbeta were highly expressed in the ovary {ERalpha[(2.2 +/- 0.33) x 10(7) copies/microg of total RNA] > ERbeta[(1.2 +/- 0.33) x 10(5) copies/microg of total RNA]} as we expected. The bone marrow and renal cortex were very important target organs of estrogen because ERalpha was highly expressed approximately 2 x 10(5) copies/microg of total RNA, but marrow cells revealed only a very weak expression of ERbeta [(0.7 +/- 0.21) x 10(2) copies/microg of total RNA]. Both ERalpha and ERbeta were expressed in the trabecular bone [(3.2 +/- 0.56) x 10(3) copy/microg of RNA] and [(2.8 +/- 0.21) x 102 copy/microg of RNA], respectively. However, they were not detected in the cortical bone. In the jejunum, the expression of ERalpha was not detectable, while ERbeta was expressed very weakly [(1.1 +/- 0.24) x 10(2) copies/microg of total RNA]. The thyroid gland expressed low copy numbers of ERbeta [(6.0 +/- 0.23) x 10(2) copies/microg of total RNA], but the parathyroid gland was negative for both ERalpha and ERbeta mRNA. In cultured stromal cells, ERalpha and ERbeta mRNAs were not detected after a 24-h culture; however, the rates of mRNA expression of ERalpha and ERbeta reached approximately 105 copies/microg of total RNA and approximately 10(2) copies/microg of total RNA, respectively, after 9-, 11-, and 13-day cultures. After ovariectomy, the expression of ERalpha mRNA decreased abruptly in the bone marrow and renal cortex, and both ERalpha and ERbeta were barely detected in the trabecular bone. In conclusion, ERalpha might be the main ER in organs important for calcium homeostasis, except in the jejunum. The mRNA expression of ERalpha in the bone marrow and renal cortex decreased abruptly after ovariectomy, which may partially explain why the effect of estrogen deficiency can be amplified and why trabecular bone loss is more predominant than cortical bone loss shortly after surgical or natural menopause.
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Yonsei Authors
Lee, Hyun Chul(이현철)
Lim, Sung Kil(임승길)
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