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Diagnostic and clinicopathological significance of Ki67 mRNA expression in cervical cancer tissue

Other Titles
 자궁경부암 조직에서 발현되는 Ki67 mRNA의 진단적, 임상적 의의 
Authors
 정다은 
College
 Graduate School, Yonsei University 
Department
 Dept. of Medicine 
Degree
석사
Issue Date
2017
Abstract
Ki67 is a key biomarker associated with cancer cell proliferation and poor prognosis. We previously evaluated the diagnostic potential of quantitatively measured Ki67 mRNA levels in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) cervical cancer tissue samples. In the present study, we continued this avenue of research using quantitative reverse transcription PCR (RT-qPCR) to measure Ki67 mRNA levels in FFPE cervical tissues and performed an assessment with each clinical prognostic factor of patients. A total 190 FFPE cervical tissue samples comprised of 80 squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), 10 adenocarcinoma (ADC), 30 HSIL, 30 LSIL, and 40 normal cervical tissue samples were obtained. Using this RT-qPCR assay, the predictive value of Ki67 in cases with low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSIL) and those with high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL) were measured. As a result, Ki67 mRNA levels were increased in SCC and ADC cervical cancer tissues (n = 90) compared to those in normal cervical tissues (n = 40) (P < 0.001). The diagnostic validity of the Ki67 mRNA assay was evaluated and demonstrated a sensitivity of 93.3% (95% confidence interval (CI) = 86.1 to 97.5) and a specificity of 97.5% (95% CI = 86.8 to 99.9). Ki67 mRNA expression level was 93.3% for cervical cancer, 40.0% for HSIL, 13.3% for LSIL, and 2.5% for normal tissue samples. Furthermore, high levels of Ki67 mRNA expression in cervical cancer were associated with lymph node status (P = 0.02). In conclusion, Ki67 mRNA assay can provide an additional accurate approach for molecular diagnosing cervical cancer, and also predict prognosis of cervical cancer depending on LSIL and/or HSIL status.
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Appears in Collections:
7. Others (기타) > Others (기타) > 5. Others
Yonsei Authors
Chung, Da Wn(정다은)
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/173606
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