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Cultural beliefs about breast cancer in Vietnamese women

 Jong Gun Kim  ;  Hye Chong Hong  ;  Hyeonkyeong Lee  ;  Carol Estwing Ferrans  ;  Eun-Mi Kim 
 BMC WOMENS HEALTH, Vol.19(1) : 74, 2019 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adult ; Breast Neoplasms/psychology* ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Female ; Health Behavior/ethnology* ; Health Education/methods ; Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice/ethnology* ; Humans ; Mammography/psychology ; Middle Aged ; Social Values ; Surveys and Questionnaires ; Young Adult
Breast cancer ; Cultural beliefs ; Health behavior ; Nursing education ; Public health ; Vietnamese women
BACKGROUND: This study examined factors influencing cultural beliefs associated with later-stage detection of breast cancer and determined what factors influence those cultural beliefs in Vietnamese women residing in a rural Vietnamese community. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted with 289 women aged 20-64 years from 12 villages using a self-administered structured questionnaire. Cultural beliefs were measured with a 13-item cultural beliefs scale consisting of four domains-characteristics of breast lumps, self-help techniques, faith-based beliefs, and futility of treatment. Data were collected in February 2017 and analyzed using chi-square tests, nonparametric tests, Fisher's exact tests, and multiple linear regression analyses with SPSS/WIN 24.0 statistical software. RESULTS: Although the total score was relatively low (3.4 out of 13), cultural beliefs that could contribute to later-stage breast cancer were identified. Younger women (β = .15, p = .016) and women with a lower income (β = .21, p < .001) held more erroneous cultural beliefs as compared to their counterparts. Most women believed they would not get breast cancer if they took care of themselves. More than one-third held cultural beliefs about breast lumps, thinking they would need to be painful and/or actively growing to be breast cancer. CONCLUSIONS: The results support the urgent need for education concerning breast cancer health promotion, including breast cancer assessment as well as guidance on evidence-based and up-to-date detection measures to change rural Vietnamese women's cultural beliefs.
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3. College of Nursing (간호대학) > Dept. of Nursing (간호학과) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Lee, Hyeonkyeong(이현경) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9558-7737
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